Titanic is a 1997 American epic romance – disaster film directed, written, co-produced and co-edited by James Cameron . A fictionalized account of the sinking of the RMS Titanic , it stars Leonardo DiCaprio and Kate Winslet as members of different social classes who fall in love aboard the ship during its ill-fated maiden voyage .
Cameron’s inspiration for the film came from his fascination with shipwrecks ; he felt a love story interspersed with the human loss would be essential to convey the emotional impact of the disaster. Production began in 1995, when Cameron shot footage of the Titanic wreck. The modern scenes on the research vessel were shot on the Akademik Mstislav Keldysh , which Cameron had used as a base when filming the wreck. Scale models , computer-generated imagery , and a reconstruction of the Titanic built at Playas de Rosarito in Baja California were used to re-create the sinking. The film was partially funded by Paramount Picturesand 20th Century Fox . It was the most expensive film ever made with a budget of $ 200 million.
Upon its release on December 19, 1997, Titanic achieved critical and commercial success. Nominated for 14 Academy Awards , All of Eve (1950) for the most Oscar nominations, and won 11, including the awards for Best Picture and Best Director , tying Ben Hur (1959) for the most Oscars won by a single film. With an initial gross worldwide over $ 1.84 trillion, Titanic was the first film to reach the billion-dollar mark. It remained the highest-grossing movie of all time until Cameron’s Avatar surpassed it in 2010. A 3D version of Titanic,released on April 4, 2012 to commemorate the centennial of the sinking, earned it an additional $ 343.6 million worldwide, pushing the film’s worldwide total to $ 2.18 billion. It became the second film to gross more than $ 2 billion worldwide (after Avatar ).
In 1996, Treasure hunter Brock Lovett and his team aboard the research vessel Akademik Mstislav Keldysh search the wreck of RMS Titanic for a necklace with a rare diamond, the Heart of the Ocean . They recover a safe containing a drawing of a young woman wearing a necklace dated April 14, 1912, the day the ship struck the iceberg. [Note 1] Rose Dawson Calvert, the woman in the drawing, is brought aboard Keldysh and tells Lovett of her experiments aboard Titanic .
In 1912 Southampton , 17-year-old first-class passenger Rose DeWitt Bukater, her fiancé Cal Hockley, and her mother Ruth board the luxurious Titanic. Ruth emphasizes that they will resolve their family’s financial problems and retain their high-class persona. Distraught over the commitment, Rose considers suicide by jumping from the stern; Jack Dawson, a penniless artist, intervenes and discusses her. Discovered with Jack, Rose tells the story of how she was peering over the edge and Jack saved her from falling. When Cal becomes indifferent, she suggests that Jack deserves a reward. He invites Jack to dine with them in first class the following night. Jack and Rose develop a tentative friendship, despite Cal and Ruth being wary of him. Following dinner, Rose secretly joins Jack at a party in third class.
Aware of Cal and Ruth’s disapproval, Rose rebuffs Jack’s advances, but realizes she prefers him over Cal. Rose takes Jack to her state room; at her request, Jack skits Pink nude posing wearing Cal’s engagement present, The Heart of the Ocean necklace. They evade Cal’s bodyguard, Mr. Lovejoy, and have sex in an automobile inside the cargo hold. On the forward deck, they witness a collision with an iceberg and overhear the officers and designer discuss its seriousness.
Cal Jack Discovers Jack’s sketch of Rose and an insulting note from her in his safe along with the necklace. When Jack and Rose attempt to inform Cal of the collision, Lovejoy slips the necklace into Jack’s pocket and he Cal accuses him of theft. Jack is arrested, taken to the master-at-arms ‘ office, and handcuffed to a pipe. Cal puts the necklace in his own coat pocket.
With the ship sinking, Cal and her mother, who has a lifeboat, and frees Jack. On the boat deck, Cal and Jack encourages her to board a lifeboat; Cal claims he can get himself and Jack off safely. After Rose boards, Cal tells Jack the arrangement is only for himself. As her lowers boat, Rose decides that she can not leave Jack and jumps back on board. Cal takes his bodyguard’s pistol and chases Rose and Jack into the flooding first-class dining saloon. After using up his ammunition, he realizes his coat and makes the necklace to Rose. He later boards a lifeboat by carrying a lost child.
After braving several obstacles, Jack and Rose return to the boat deck. The lifeboats have gone out of their way to the sea. The ship breaks in half, lifting the stern into the air. Jack and Rose ride it into the ocean and he helps her on a wooden panel only drinking enough for one person. He assures her that she will die an old woman, warm in her bed. Jack dies of hypothermia  Goal Rose is saved.
With Rose hiding from Cal en route, the RMS Carpathia takes the survivors to New York City where Rose gives her name to Rose Dawson. She later finds out Cal committed suicide after losing all of her money in the 1929 Wall Street crash .
Back in the present, Lovett decides to give up on his hearing Rose’s story. Alone on the stern of Keldysh , Rose takes out the Heart of the Ocean – in her possession all along – and drops it into the sea over the wreck site. While she is seemingly asleep or dead in her bed,  pictures on her dresser depict a life of freedom and adventure inspired by the life she wanted to live with Jack. A young Rose reunites with Jack at the Titanic ‘s Grand Staircase , applauded by Those Who died.
- Leonardo DiCaprio and Jack Dawson: Cameron said he really needed to be a Titanic , to relive its liveliness, and “to take that energy and give it to Jack, […] an artist who is able to have his heart soar “.  Jack is portrayed as an itinerant, poor orphan from Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin , who has visited many places in the world, including Paris. He wins two tickets to the RMS Titanicin a poker game and travels a third-class passenger with his friend Fabrizio. He is attracted to the world at first sight and meets the world. Her fiancé’s “reward”, an invitation to dine with them the next evening, allows Jack to mix with the first-class passengers for a night. When casting the role, Matthew McConaughey , Chris O’Donnell , Billy Crudup , and Stephen Dorff , were considered, but Cameron felt that a few of the actors were too old for the part of a 20-year-old .     Tom Cruise was interested in portraying the character, but hisasking price for the studio.  Cameron considered Jared Leto for the role, but Leto refused to audition.  DiCaprio, 21 years old at the time, was brought to Cameron’s attention by Mali Finn casting director .  INITIALLY, he Did not want to portray the character and refused to read His First romantic scene on the set ( see below). Cameron said, “He read it once, then started goofing around, and I could never get it to focus on it.” But for one split second, a shaft of light came down from the heavens and read the forest. “I’m not going to give it to you and I’m not going to make that guy brooding and neurotic.” Cameron rather envisioned the character as James Stewart type.  Although Jack Dawson was a fictional character, in Fairview Cemetery in Halifax, Nova Scotia, where 121 victims are buried, there is a grave labeled “J. Dawson”. The real J. Dawson was Joseph Dawson, who shoveled coal in the bowels of the ship. “It was not until after the movie that it was a J. Dawson gravestone,” said the film’s producer, Jon Landau , in an interview. 
- Kate Winslet as Pink DeWitt Bukater: Cameron said Winslet, “that he did not want to go back” “.  Rose is a 17-year-old girl, originally from Philadelphia , who is forced into an engagement to 30-year-old Cal Hockley so she and her mother, Ruth, can maintain their high-class status after her father’s death had left the family debt-ridden. Rose boards the Titanic RMS with Cal and Ruth, and meets Jack. Winslet said of her character, “She has got a lot to give, and she’s got a very open heart, and she wants to explore the world, but she [feels] that ‘ Gwyneth Paltrow , Winona Ryder ,Claire Danes , Gabrielle Anwar , and Reese Witherspoon had been considered for the role.     When they turned it down, 20-year-old Winslet campaigned heavily for the role. She smells Cameron daily notes from England, which led Cameron to invite her to Hollywood for auditions. As with DiCaprio, casting director Mali Finn has been brought to Cameron’s attention. When looking for a Rose, Cameron Described the character as “an Audrey Hepburn -type” and Was INITIALLY uncertain about casting Winslet Even After her screen test impressed _him_. After being tested with DiCaprio, Winslet was so impressed with him, that she whispered to Cameron, “He’s great, even if you do not pick me, pick him.” Winslet smells Cameron, “From Your Rose,” and lobbied him by phone. “You do not understand!” she pleaded one day when she reached him by mobile phone in his Humvee. “I am Rose! I do not know why you’re even seeing anyone else!” Her persistence, as well as her talent, 
- Billy Zane as Caledon Nathan “Cal” Hockley: Cal is Rose’s 30-year-old fiance. He is arrogant and snobbish, and the heir to a Pittsburgh steel fortune. He is becoming more embarrassed by, jealous of, and cruel about Rose’s relationship with Jack. The share Was Originally offert to Matthew McConaughey ,  and Rob Lowe HAS aussi gone on the record as it HAVING Pursued. 
- Frances Fisher as Ruth DeWitt Bukater: Rose’s widowed mother, who arranges her daughter’s commitment to Cal to maintain her family’s high-society status. She loves her daughter but believes that social position is more important than having a loving marriage. She scorns Jack, even though he saved her daughter’s life.
- Gloria Stuart as Rose Dawson Calvert: Rose narrates the film in a modern-day framing device . Cameron stated, “In order to see the present and the past, I am a fictional survivor who is [close to] 101 years, and she connects us to a way through history.”  The 100-year-old Rose gives Lovett information regarding the “Heart of the Ocean” after he discovers a nude drawing of her in the wreck. She tells the story of her time aboard the ship, mentioning Jack for the first time since the sinking. At 87, Stuart had to be made to look older for the role.  Of casting Stuart, stated Cameron, “My casting director found her.” She was sent to a mission to find retired actresses from theGolden Age of the thirties and forties . ”  Cameron said that he did not know who Stuart was, and Fay Wray was also considered for the role.” Purpose [Stuart] was just so, and so lucid, and had such a great spirit. And I saw the connection between her spirit and [Winslet’s] spirit, “stated Cameron.” I saw this joy of life in both of them, that I thought the audience would be able to make that cognitive leap that it’s the same person. ”  Stuart died on September 26, 2010, at age 100, the same age elder Rose was in the film. 
- Bill Paxton as Brock Lovett: A treasure hunter looking for the “Heart of the Ocean” in the wreck of the Titanic in the present. Time and funding for his expedition are running out. He’s still thinking about the film’s conclusion, about thinking about Titanic for three years.
- Suzy Friends as Lizzy Calvert: Rose’s granddaughter, who accompanies her when she visits Lovett on the ship and learns her grandmother’s true identity and romantic past with Jack Dawson.
- Danny Nucci and Fabrizio De Rossi: Jack’s Italian best friend, who boards the RMS Titanic with him Jack wins two tickets in a poker game. The boat does not have a lifeboat when the Titanic sinks and is killed when one of the ship’s funnels breaks and crashes into the water.
- David Warner as Spicer Lovejoy: An ex- Pinkerton constable, Lovejoy is Cal’s English valet and bodyguard, who keeps an eye on Jack’s rescue of her. He dies when the Titanic splits in half, causing him to fall into a massive opening.
- Jason Barry as Thomas “Tommy” Ryan: An Irish third-class passenger who Jack and Fabrizio befriends. Tommy is killed when he is accidentally pushed forward and shot by a panicked First Officer Murdoch.
Although not intended to be an entirely accurate depiction of events,  the film includes portrayals of several historical figures:
- Kathy Bates as Margaret “Molly” Brown : Brown is looked after by other first-class women, including Ruth, as “vulgar” and ” new money “. She is friendly to Jack and lends him a tuxedo when he is invited to dinner in the first-class dining saloon. Despite being a real person, Cameron decided not to portray her real-life actions. Molly Brown was dubbed “The Unsinkable Molly Brown” by historians because she, with the support of other women, commissioned Lifeboat 6 from Quartermaster Robert Hichens .  Some aspects of this altercation are portrayed in Cameron’s film.
- Victor Garber as Thomas Andrews : The ship’s builder, Andrews is portrayed as a very kind and pleasant man who is modest about His great achievement. After the collision, he tries to convince the others, particularly Ismay, that it is a “mathematical certainty” that the ship will sink. He is depicted during the sinking of the ship in the first class of the room, lamenting his failure to build a strong safe ship. Although this one is one of the most famous legends of the sinking of the Titanic, this story, which was published in 1912 book ( Thomas Andrews: Shipbuilder ) and thus perpetuated, came from John Stewart, a steward on the ship who in fact left ship in boat n. 15 at approximately 1:40 am There were testimonies of sightings of Andrews after that moment.  It appears that Andrews stayed in the room for some time to gather his thoughts, then continued assisting with the evacuation.  Another reported sighting of Andrews frantically throwing deck chairs in the ocean for passengers. Andrews was last seen leaving the ship at the last moment.
- Bernard Hill as Captain Edward John Smith : Smith planned to make the Titanic his final trip before retiring. He is going to the wheelhouse on the bridge of the ship, he is going to the ship. There are conflicting accounts as to whether or not they fall into the life of the “B” lifeboat. 
- Jonathan Hyde as J. Bruce Ismay : Ismay is portrayed as a rich, ignorant upper-class man. In the film, he uses his White Star line as Managing Director to influence Captain Smith to the New York and favorable press attention; While this action appears in popular portrayals of the disaster, it is unsupported by evidence.   After the collision, he struggles to understand that his “unsinkable” ship is doomed. Ismay later boards Collapsible C just before it is lowered. He was branded a coward by the press and public for the drowned.
- Eric Braeden as John Jacob Astor IV : A first class passenger whom Rose (correctly) calls the richest man on the ship. The film depicts Astor and his 18-year-old wife Madeleine ( Charlotte Chatton ) as being introduced to Jack by Rose in the first-class dining saloon. During the introduction, Astor asks if Jack is connected to the “Boston Dawsons”, questioned Jack neatly deflects by saying that he is instead affiliated with the Chippewa Falls Dawsons. Astor is last seen in the Grand Staircase glass dome implodes and water surges in.
- Bernard Fox as Colonel Archibald Gracie IV : The Gracie film depicts the film “How do you think of women and machinery?”, And congratulating Jack for saving. . Fox had portrayed Frederick Fleet in the 1958 movie A Night to Remember .
- Michael Ensign as Benjamin Guggenheim : A mining magnate traveling in first-class. He shows off his French Mrs. Aubert (Fannie Brett) to his fellow passengers while his wife and three daughters wait for him at home. When Jack joins the other first-class travelers for his rescue of Rose, Guggenheim refers to him as a “bohemian”. He is seen in the flooding Grand Staircase during the sinking, saying he is prepared to go down as a gentleman.
- Jonathan Evans-Jones and Wallace Hartley : The ship’s bandmaster and violinist who plays with his colleagues on the ship deck. As the final plunge begins, he leads the band in a final performance of Nearer, My God, to Thee, to the tune of Bethany,   and dies in the sinking.
- Mark Lindsay Chapman as Chief Officer Henry Wilde : The ship’s chief officer, Who lets Cal on board a lifeboat Because He: has a child in His Arms. Before he dies, he tries to get back to the sinking site to rescue passengers by blowing his whistle. After he freezes to death, Rose uses his whistle to attract the attention of Fifth Officer Lowe, which leads to his rescue.
- Ewan Stewart as First Officer William Murdoch : The officer who is in charge of the bridge on the ship struck the iceberg. During a rush for the lifeboats, Murdoch shoots Tommy Ryan and then commits suicide out of guilt. When Murdoch’s nephew Scott saw the film, he objected to his uncle’s portrayal as damaging to Murdoch’s heroic reputation.  A few months later, Fox Vice President Scott Neeson went to Dalbeattie, Scotland , where Murdoch lived, to deliver a personal apology, and also presented a £ 5,000 donation to Dalbeattie High School to boost the school’s William Murdoch Memorial Prize. Cameron apologized on the DVD commentary, but stated that they were officers who fired gunshots to enforce the “women and children first” policy .  According to Cameron, his depiction of Murdoch is that of an “honorable man,” not of a “bad man” or of a “cowardly murderer.” He added, “I’m not sure you’d find that same sense of responsibility and total devotion to duty today.” This guy said it was halfway to his life. and heroism. ” 
- Jonathan Phillips as Second Officer Charles Lightoller . The Lightoller film informs Captain Smith that it will be difficult to see icebergs without breaking water. He is seen brandishing a gun and threatening to use it to keep order. He can be seen on top of Collapse when the first funnel collapses. Lightoller was the most senior officer to survive the disaster.
- Simon Crane as Fourth Officer Joseph Boxhall : The officer in charged of firing flares and manning Lifeboat 2 During the sinking. He is shown on the bridge wings helping the seamen firing the flares.
- Ioan Gruffudd as Fifth Officer Harold Lowe : The ship’s only officer to lead a lifeboat to retrieve survivors of the sinking of the icy waters. The film depicts Lowe rescuing Rose.
- Edward Fletcher and Sixth Officer James Moody : The ship’s only junior officer to have died in the sinking. The movie Moody admits Jack and Fabrizio on the ship only moments before it leaves from Southampton. Moody is later displayed Murdoch’s orders to full speed ahead, and informs First Officer Murdoch about the iceberg. He is one of the most famous people in the world.
- James Lancaster as Father Thomas Byles : Second-class passenger Father Byles, a Catholic priest from England, is portrayed praying and consoling passengers during the final moments.
- Lew Palter and Elsa Raven as Isidor Straus and Ida Straus : Isidor is a former owner of RH Macy and Company, a former congressman from New York, and a member of the New York and New Jersey Bridge Commission. During the sinking, his wife is offered a place in a lifeboat, but refuses, saying that she will honor her wedding pledge by staying with Isidor. They are last seen lying on their bed at their stateroom.
- Martin Jarvis as Sir Cosmo Duff-Gordon : A Scottish Baronet Who Is Rescued in Lifeboat 1. Lifeboats 1 and 2 were emergency boats with a capacity of 40. On the night of the disaster, Lifeboat 1 was the fourth to be launched, with 12 people aboard, including Duff-Gordon, his wife and her secretary. The baronet was much criticized for his conduct during the incident. It was suggested that he had the board of the water in the water. He offered five pounds to each of the lifeboat’s crew, which has been judged by him. The Duff-Gordons at the time In 2007, there was no doubt that there was no such thing as a boat or a boat, and it was confirmed that lifeboat 1 of the Titanic was almost empty. that First Officer William Murdoch was definitely glad to offer Duff-Gordon and his wife and her secretary a place (simply to fill it) after they had asked if they could get on. Duff-Gordon denied that his offer of money to the lifeboat crew represented a bribe. Tea and there is confirmation that lifeboat 1 of the Titanic was almost empty and that the first officer William Murdoch was definitely glad to offer Duff-Gordon and his wife and his secretary a place . Duff-Gordon denied that his offer of money to the lifeboat crew represented a bribe. Tea and there is confirmation that lifeboat 1 of the Titanic was almost empty and that the first officer William Murdoch was definitely glad to offer Duff-Gordon and his wife and his secretary a place . Duff-Gordon denied that his offer of money to the lifeboat crew represented a bribe. TeaBritish Duff-Gordon’s denial of bribing the crew, but maintained that, if the emergency boat had rowed towards the people who were in the water, it might have been able to rescue some of them.  
- Rosalind Ayres as Lady Duff-Gordon : A world-famous fashion designer and Sir Cosmo’s wife. She is rescued in Lifeboat 1 with her husband. She and her husband never lived down rumors that they had forbidden the lifeboat’s crew to return to the wreck site in case they would be swamped.   
- Rochelle Rose as Leslie Christmas, Countess of Rothes : The Countess is shown to be with Cal and the DeWitt Bukaters. Despite being of a higher status in society than Sir Cosmo and Lady Duff-Gordon, she is kind, and helps the passengers.
- Scott G. Anderson as Frederick Fleet : The lookout who saw the iceberg. Fleet escapes the sinking ship aboard Lifeboat 6.
- Paul Brightwell as Quartermaster Robert Hichens : One of the ship’s six quartermasters and the ship’s wheel at the time of collision. He is in charge of lifeboat 6 . He refuses to go back and pick up survivors after being sired and eventually ordered by Molly Brown.
- Martin East as Lee Reginald : The other lookout in the crow’s nest . He survives the sinking.
- Gregory Cooke and Jack Phillips : Senior wireless operator on board the Titanic whom Captain Smith ordered to send the distress signal.
- Craig Kelly as Harold Bride : Junior Wireless Operator on the Titanic .
- Liam Tuohy as Chief Baker Charles Joughin : The baker appears in the film on the rail with Jack and Rose as the ship sinks, drinking brandy from a flask. According to the real Joughin’s testimony, he rode the ship down and stepped into the water without getting his wet hair. He also admitted to feeling cold, most likely thanks to alcohol. 
- Terry Forrestal as Chief Engineer Joseph Bell: Bell and his men worked to the last minute to keep the lights and the power on the distress signals to get out. Bell and all of the engineers died in the bowels of the Titanic .
Several crew members of the Akademik Mstislav Keldysh appear in the film, including Anatoly Sagalevich , creator and pilot of the self-propelled MIR Deep Submergence Vehicle.  Anders Falk, who is filming a documentary about the film’s sets for the Titanic Historical Society , makes a cameo appearance in the film to a Swedish immigrant whom Jack Dawson meets when he enters his cabin; Edward Kamuda and Karen Kamuda, then President and Vice President of the Society, who served as film consultants, were cast as extras in the film.  
Writing and inspiration
James Cameron had a fascination with shipwrecks, and, for him, the RMS Titanic was “the Mount Everest of shipwrecks.”    He was almost dead in his life when he felt he could consider an undersea expedition, but said he still had “a mental restlessness” to live the life he had turned away from when he switched from the sciences to the arts in college. So when an IMAX film was made from a shot of the wreck itself, he decided to seek Hollywood funding for “pay for an expedition and do the same thing.” It was “not because I particularly wanted to make the movie,” Cameron said. “I wanted to dive to the shipwreck.” 
Cameron wrote a scriptment for a Titanic movie,  featuring 20th Century Fox executives including Peter Chernin , and pitched it as ” Romeo and Juliet on the Titanic “.   Cameron stated, “They were like, ‘Oooooohkaaaaaay – a three-hour romantic epic? Sure, that’s just what we want. Is there a little bit of Terminator in that? Any Harrier jets , shoot-outs, gold because chases? ‘ I said, ‘No, no, no. It’s not like that.’ ” The studio was dubious about the idea’s commercial prospects, goal, hoping for a long-term relationship with Cameron, they gave him a greenlight .   
Cameron convinced Fox to promote the film based on the Titanic wreck itself,  and organized several dives to the site over a period of two years.  “My pitch on that was a little more detailed,” said Cameron. “So I said, ‘Look, we’ve got to do this whole opening where they’re exploring the Titanic and they ‘re finding the diamond, so we’re going to have these shots of the ship.” Cameron Stated, “Now, we can Either do ’em with elaborate models and motion control shots and CG and All That, qui will cost X amount of money – or We Can Spend X plus 30 per hundred and Actually go shoot it at the real wreck . ” The crew shot at the Atlantic Ocean twelve times in 1995 and more. At that depth, with a water pressure of 6,000 pounds per square inch, “one small flaw in the vessel’s superstructure would mean instant death for all on board.” Not only were the dives high-risk, but adverse conditions prevented Cameron from getting high quality that he wanted.  During one dive, one of the submersible collided with Titanic ‘s hull, damaging both sub and ship fragments of the submersible propeller shroud scattered around the superstructure. The external bulkhead of Captain Smith ‘s quarters collapsed, exposing the interior. The area around the entrance to the Grand Staircase was also damaged. 
Descending to the actual site made both Cameron and crew want to live on this level of reality …. But there was another level of reaction from the real wreck, which it was not just a story, it was not just a drama, “he said. “It was an event that happened to be real people who really died, and it was a great deal of hardship, and it was a very important thing.” Cameron Stated, “You think, ‘There probably are not going to be Many filmmakers Who go to the Titanic. There May never be another one – maybe a documentarian.” Due to this, he felt “a great mantle of responsibility to convey the emotional message of it – to do that part of it right, too”. 
After filming the underwater shots, Cameron began writing the screenplay.  He wanted to honor the people Who died During the sinking, so he spent six months researching all of the Titanic ‘ s crew and passengers.  “I read everything I could.” I created an extremely detailed timeline of the ship’s timeline, “he said.  “And I worked within the framework of writing the script, and I got some historical experts to analyze what I’d written and how on it.  He paid meticulous attention to detail, Even comprenant un szene depicting the Californian ‘ s role in Titanic‘s demise, though this was later cut (see below) . From the beginning of the shoot, they had “a very clear picture” of what happened on the ship that night. “I had a library that filled my entire office with Titanic stuff, because I wanted it to be right, especially if we were going to dive to the ship,” he said. “That set the bar higher in a way – we are going to have a better view of things than we have been going to.” 
Cameron felt the Titanic sinking was “like a great novel that really happened”, but that the event had become a mere morality tale ; the film would give hearings to the experience of living the history.  The treasure hunter Brock Lovett represents those who never get along with the human element of the tragedy,  While the blossoming romance of Jack and Rose, Cameron believed, would be the most engaging part of the story: When their love is finally destroyed, the audience would mourn the loss.  He said: “All my films are love stories, but in Titanic I finally got the balance right.It’s a disaster film.It’s a love story with a fastidious overlay of real history.”
Cameron framed the romance with the elderly Rose to make the intervention years palpable and poignant.  While Winslet and Stuart stated their belief that, instead of being asleep in her bed, the character of the film,  Cameron said that he would rather not reveal what he intended with the ending because “[t] he answer has to be something you personally.” 
Harland and Wolff , the RMS Titanic ‘s builders, opened their private archives to the crew, sharing blueprints that were thought lost. For the ship’s interiors, production designer Peter Lamont’s team looked for artifacts from the era. The newness of the ship meant everything from scratch.  Fox acquired 40 acres of waterfront south of Playas de Rosarito in Mexico, and began building a new studio on May 31, 1996. A tank of seventeen million gallon horizon was built for the exterior of the reconstructed ship, providing 270 degrees of ocean view. Lamont removed redundant sections on the superstructureand forward well deck for the ship to fit in the tank, with the remaining sections filled with digital models. The lifeboats and funnels were shrunken by ten percent. The boat deck and A-deck were working sets, but the rest of the ship was just steel plating. Within was a fifty-foot lifting platform for the ship to tilt during the sinking sequences. Towering above was a 162-foot-tall (49 m) tower tower on 600 feet (180 m) of rail track , acting as a combined construction, lighting, and camera platform. 
The sets Representing the interior rooms of the Titanic Were Reproduced exactly as Originally built, using photographs and shots from the Titanic ‘s builders. The Grand Staircase , which features prominently in the film, was recreated to a high standard of authenticity, though it was widened to 30% compared to the original and reinforced with steel girders. Craftsmen from Mexico and Britain sculpted the ornate paneling and plaster-work based on Titanic’s original designs.  The carpeting, upholstery, individual pieces of furniture, light fixtures, chairs, cutlery and crockery with the White Star Linecrest on each piece were among the objects recreated according to original designs.  Cameron additionally hired two Titanic historians, Don Lynchand Ken Marschall , to authenticate the historical detail in the film. 
Principal photography for Titanic began in July 1996 at Dartmouth, Nova Scotia , with the filming of the modern day expedition scenes aboard the Akademik Mstislav Keldysh .  In September 1996, the production moved to the newly built Fox Baja Studios in Rosarito, Mexico , where a full scale RMS Titanic had been constructed.  The poop deck was built on a hinge of a few seconds, just as the stern rose during the sinking.  For the safety of the stuntmen, many props have been made of foam rubber. By November 15, the boarding scenes were being shot.  Cameron thing to build his RMS Titanic on the starboard side of a cloud of rain and rain . This posed a problem for shooting the ship’s departure from Southampton , as it was docked on its port side. Implementation of written directions, as well as props and costumes, had to be reversed; for example, if they walked to their right in the script. In post-production, the film was flipped to the correct direction. 
A full-time coaching etiquette was hired to instruct the audience in the upper class in 1912.  Despite this, several criticisms picked up on anachronisms in the film, not involving the two main stars.  
Cameron sketched Jack’s nude portrait of Rose for a scene which he feels has the backdrop of repression.  “It’s kind of exhilarating for that reason,” he said. The nude scene was DiCaprio and Winslet’s first scene together. “It was not a concept of design, but it was a nervousness and an energy hesitancy,” Cameron stated. “They had rehearsed together, but they had not shot anything together.” “If I’d had a choice, I would definitely have gone deeper into the body of the shoot.” Cameron said he and his crew “were just trying to find things to shoot” because the big set “was not ready for months, so we were scrambling around trying to fill in anything we could get to shoot.” After seeing the scene on film, Cameron felt it worked out considerably. 
Other times on the set were not smooth. The shoot was an arduous experience that “cemented Cameron’s formidable reputation as the scariest man in Hollywood.” He became known as an uncompromising, hard-charging perfectionist “and a” 300-decibel screamer, a modern-day Captain Bligh with a megaphone and walkie-talkie, swooping down on people’s faces on a 162ft crane “.  Winslet chipped a bone in her elbow during filming and had been worried that she would drown in the 17m-gallon water tank the ship was to be sunk in. “There were times when I was genuinely frightened of him.” Jim said, “You will not believe,” she said.  “‘God damn it!’ he would have some poor crew member, ‘that’Her co-star, Bill Paxton , was familiar with Cameron’s work ethic from his earlier experience with him. “There was a lot of people on the set.” Jim is not one of those guys who has the time to win hearts and minds, “he said.  The crew felt Cameron had an evil alter ego and nicknamed him “Mij” (Jim spelt backwards).  In response to the criticism, Cameron Stated, “Film-making is war. A great battle entre business and aesthetics.” 
During the Akademik Mstislav Keldysh shoot in Canada, an angry crew member of the dissociative drug PCP into the soup that Cameron and various others ate one night in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia .   Bill Paxton, Bill Paxton.  “There were people just rolling around, some of them said they were seeing streaks and psychedelics,” said actor Lewis Abernathy. Cameron managed to vomit before the drug took a full hold. Abernathy was shocked at the way he looked. “One eye was completely red, like the Terminatoreye. A pupil, no iris, beet red. The other eye looked like it was sniffing glue since it was four. ”   The person behind the poisoning was never caught.  
Many cast members came down with colds, flu, or kidney infections, including Winslet. In the end, she would not work with Cameron again unless she earned a lot of money.  Several others left the production, and three stuntmen broke their bones, but the Screen Actors Guilded, following an investigation, which was inherently unsafe about the set.  Additionally, DiCaprio said he was in danger during filming.  Cameron believed in a passionate work ethic and never apologized for the way he ran his sets,
I’m demanding, and I’m demanding on my crew. In terms of being kind of militaresque, I think there is an element of that in relation to big logistics and keeping people safe. I think you have a fairly strict methodology in dealing with a large number of people. 
The costs of Titanic filming eventually became $ 200 million.    Fox executives panicked and suggested an hour of specific cuts from the three-hour movie. They argued the extended length Would mean Fewer showings, THUS less back, Even Though long epics are More Likely to help directors win Oscars . Cameron refused, telling Fox, “You want to cut my movie? You’re going to have me!” The executives did not want to start over, because it would mean the loss of their entire investment, but they would like to have a share of the profits. 
Cameron explained forfeiting his share as complex. “… the short version is que la movie cost proportionally much more than T2 and True Lies . Those movies Went up seven or eight percent from the initial budget. Titanic aussi Had a wider budget to begin with, aim it Went up a lot more, “he said. “As the producer and director, I take responsibility for the studio that’s writing the checks, so I made it easier for them. DID. ” 
Cameron, The Engraved Digital Domain , and Enlisted Digital Domain to Continuing the Developments in Digital Technology. The Abyss and Terminator 2: Judgment Day . Many previous films about the RMS Titanic shot in slow motion , which did not look wholly convincing.  Cameron encouraged his crew to shoot their 45-foot-long (14 m) miniature of the ship as if “we’re making a commercial for the White Star Line”.  Afterwards, digital water and smoke were added, as were captured on a motion capturetraineeship. Visual effects supervisor Rob Legato Scanned the faces of many actors, including himself and his children, for the digital extras and stuntmen. There was also a 65-foot-long (20 m) model of the ship’s stern that could break in two repeatedly, the only miniature to be used in water.  For scenes in the ship ‘s engines, footage of the SS Jeremiah O’Brien ‘ s engines were composited with miniature support frames, and actors shot against a greenscreen .  In order to save money, the first-class lounge is a miniature set backdrop behind the actors. The miniature of the Lounge would be a first-class corridor of the first-class corridor. 
An enclosed 5,000,000-US-gallon (19,000,000 L) tank was used for sinking interiors, in which the entire set could be tilted into the water. In the Grand Staircase, 90,000 US gallons (340,000 L) of water were dumped into the set. Unexpectedly, the waterfall ripped the staircase from its steel-reinforced foundations, no one was hurt. The 744-foot-long (227 m) exterior of the RMS Titanic had its first half in the tank, but as the heaviest part of the ship it acted as a shock absorber against the water; to get to the set in the water, Cameron had a lot of fun and even smashed some of the walk himself. After Lovett’s ROV After Lovett’s ROVcrossing the wreck in the present.  The post-sinking scenes in the Atlantic freezing were shot in a 350,000-US-gallon (1,300,000 L) tank,  where the frozen bodies were created by applying to actors wax was coated on hair and clothes. 
The climactic scene, which features the breakup of the ship directly before it sinks its final plunge to the bottom of the Atlantic, involved a full-sized tilting set, 150 extras, and 100 stunt performers. Cameron criticized previous Titanic films for depicting the liner’s final plunge as a graceful slide underwater. He “wanted to depict the terrifyingly chaotic event that it really was”. When carrying out the sequence, people need to fall back to the bottom of the table, plunging hundreds of feet below and bouncing off of railings and propellers on the way down. A few attempts to film this movie with stunt people suffered in some minor injuries, and Cameron halted the most dangerous stunts. The risks were eventually minimized by using computer generated people for the dangerous falls. 
There was one “crucial historical fact” Cameron thing to omit from the movie – the SS Californian was close to the Titanic the night she sank but had turned off its radio for the night, did not hear her crew’s SOS calls, and did not respond to their distress flares. “Yes, the [SS] Californian . That was not a compromise to mainstream filmmaking. That was really more about emphasis, Creating an emotional truth to the film,” Stated Cameron. He said there were aspects of retelling that seemed important in pre- and post-production, but turned out to be less important as the film evolved. “The story of the Californianwas in there; Marconi radio set, “said Cameron.” But I took it out. It was a clean cut, because it focuses on that world. If Titanic is powerful as a metaphor, as a microcosm, then the world must be self-contained. ” 
During the first assembly cut, Cameron altered the planned ending, which was given to Brock Lovett’s story. In the original version of the ending, Brock and Lizzy see the elderly at the stern of the boat and is committed to commit suicide. Rose then reveals that she had the “Heart of the Ocean” diamond, Cal’s money. She tells Brock that life is priceless and throws the diamond into the ocean. After accepting that treasure is worthless, Brock laughs at his stupidity. Rose then goes back to her cabin to sleep, whereupon the movie ends in the same way as the final version. In the editing room, Cameron decided that by this point, the audience would be interested in Brock Lovett and cut the resolution to his story, so that Rose is alone when she drops the diamond. He also did not want to hear the audience’s melancholy after theTitanic ‘s sinking. 
The release used for the first test screening featured a fight entre Jack and Lovejoy qui takes up after-Jack and Rose escape flooded into the dining saloon, the purpose test audiences disliked it.  The scene was written to give the movie more suspense, and featured Cal (falsely) offering to give Lovejoy, his valet, the ” Heart of the Ocean”If you can get it from Jack and Rose, Lovejoy is going to get you back to the world. In revenge for framing him for the “theft” of the necklace, Jack attacks him and smashes his head against a glass window, which explains the gash on Lovejoy’s head that can be seen when he dies in the completed version of the film . In Their reactions to the stage, test audiences Said It Would be unrealistic to risk one’s life for wealth, and Cameron cut it for this reason, as well as for timing and pacing Reasons. Many other scenes Were cut for similar Reasons. [70 ]
Music and soundtrack
The soundtrack album for Titanic was composed by James Horner . For the vocals heard throughout the film, will be described by Earle Hitchner of the Wall Street Journal as “evocative”, Horner thing Norwegian singer Sissel Kyrkjebø , known as “Sissel”. Horner knew Sissel from his album Innerst i sjelen , and he particularly liked how she sang ” Eg veit i himmerik ei borg ” (“I know in Heaven There Is a Castle”). He had tried twenty-five or thirty singers before he finally thing Sissel as the voice to create specific moods within the film. 
Horner also wrote the song ” My Heart Will Go On ” in secret with Will Jennings because Cameron did not want any songs with singing in the movie.  Celine Dion agreed to record a demo with the persuasion of her husband René Angélil . Horner waited until Cameron was in an appropriate mood before presenting him with the song. After playing it several times, Cameron declared that it would have been criticized for “going commercial at the end of the movie”.  Cameron also wanted to be anxious studio executives and “saw that a hit of his movie could only be a positive factor in guaranteeing its completion”. 
20th Century Fox and Paramount Pictures co-financed Titanic , with Paramount handling of the North American distribution and Fox handling the international release. They are expected to complete the film for a release on July 2, 1997. The film was released on this date “in order to exploit the lucrative season.  In April, Cameron said the movie’s special effects were so complicated that releasing the film would not be possible.  With production delays, Paramount pushed back the release date to December 19, 1997.  “This fueled speculation that the film itself was a disaster.” A preview screening inMinneapolis on July 14 “generated positive reviews” and “[c] hatter on the internet was responsible for the word” about the [film] “. This eventually leads to more positive media coverage. 
The film premiered on November 1, 1997, at the Tokyo International Film Festival ,   where the reaction was described as ” tepid ” by The New York Times .  Positive reviews started to appear back in the United States; The official Hollywood premiere occurred on December 14, 1997, where “the big movie stars who attended the opening were enthusiastically gushing about the film to the world media”. 
Including revenue from the 2012 and 2017 reissues, Titanic earned $ 659,328,801 in North America and $ 1,528,100,000 in other countries, for a worldwide total of $ 2,187,428,801.  It became the highest-grossing film of all time in 1998, and remained so for twelve years, until Avatar (2009), also written and directed by Cameron, surpassed it in 2010.  On March 1, 1998 ,  it became the first film to earn more than $ 1 billion worldwide  and on the weekend April 13-15, 2012-a century after the original vessel’s founding, Titanic became the second film to cross the $ 2 billion threshold during its 3D re-release. Box Office Mojo estimates that Titanic is the fifth highest-grossing film of all time in North America when adjusting for inflation.  The site also estimates that the film sold 128 million tickets in the US in its initial theatrical run. 
Initial theatrical run
The film was released in North America on Friday, December 19, 1997. By the end of that same weekend, we were beginning to sell out. The film earned $ 8,658,814 on its opening day and $ 28,638,131 over the opening weekend from 2,674 theaters, averaging $ 10,710 per coming, and ranking number one at the box office, ahead of the eighteenth James Bond movie, Tomorrow Never Dies . By New Year’s Day, Titanic had made over $ 120 million, had grown in popularity and theaters continued to sell out. Its highest grossing day was Saturday, February 14, 1998, on which it earned $ 13,048,711, more than eight weeks after its North American debut.  It was a number one for 15 consecutive weeks in North America, a record for any movie.  The film stayed in theaters in North America for almost 10 months before finally closing on Thursday, October 1, 1998 with a final domestic gross of $ 600,788,188.  Outside North America, the film made its double North American gross, generating $ 1,242,413,080  and accumulating a grand total of $ 1,843,201,268 worldwide from its initial theatrical run. 
Before Titanic ‘ s release, various movie critics the movie Predicted Would Be a significant disappointment at the box office , Especially due to it being white The Most expensive movie ever made at the time.     When it was shown to the press in autumn of 1997, “it was with massive forebodings” since the “people in charge of the screenings of their jobs” Because of this great albatross of a picture on which, finally, two studios had to combine to share the great load of its making.  Cameron also thought he was “headed for disaster” at one point during filming. “We labored the last six months onTitanic in the absolute knowledge that the studio would lose $ 100 million. It was a certainty, “he stated.”  As the film was released, “a particular criticism for the Los Angeles Times wrote that” Cameron’s overweening “The hackneyed film was completely closed,” and “The film was a hackneyed, completely derivative copy of old Hollywood romances”. 
|“It’s hard to forget the director on the stage of the Shrine Auditorium in LA, exultant, pumping a golden Oscar statuette into the air and shouting: ‘I’m the king of the world!’ As everyone knew, that was the most famous line in Titanic , exclaimed by Leonardo DiCaprio’s character as he leaned into the wind on the prow of the doomed vessel.Cameroon’s incantation of the line was a giant ‘eff off’, in front of a television hearing approaching a billion, to all the naysayers, especially those sitting right in front of him. “|
|– Christopher Goodwin of The Times is Cameron’s response to the Titanic ‘s criticism |
When the film became a success story, it was credited for being a story that captured its viewers’ emotions.  The movie Was playing on 3,200 screens ten weeks after-ouvert it,  and out of ict fifteen straight weeks on top of the charts, jumped 43% in total sales in icts ninth week of release. It earned over $ 20 million a week,  and after 14 weeks was still bringing in more than $ 1 million a week.  20th Century Fox estimated that seven percent of American teenage girls had seen Titanic twice by its fifth week.  Although young women who saw the film several times, ” Leo-Mania”,  other reports have attributed the film’s success to a positive word of mouth and repeat viewership to the love story combined with the ground-breaking special effects  
The film’s impact on men has also been especially credited.    Now regarded one of the movies That ” make men cry ,”   MSNBC ‘s Ian Hodder Stated That Men admire Jack’s sense of adventure, stowing away we steamship bound for America . “We have a lot to do with a girl who’s been out of the league.” So when does the tragic ending happens, an uncontrollable flood of tears sinks our composure, “he said. .  Titanic ‘s Ability to make men cry Was Briefly parodied in the 2009 movie Zombieland , Where character Tallahassee ( Woody Harrelson), when recalling the death of his young, states: “I have not cried like that since Titanic .” 
In 2010, the BBC analyzed the stigma over men crying during Titanic and films in general. “Middle-aged men are not supposed to cry during movies,” said Finlo Rohrer of the website, citing the ending of Titanic as having “such” tears, adding that “men, if they felt weepy during [this film], have been tried to be surreptitious about it. ” Professor Mary Beth Oliver , of Penn State University, stated, “For many men, there is a great deal of pressure to avoid expression of ‘female’ emotions such as sadness and fear. by a great deal of ridiculous when the lessons are not followed. ” Rohrer said, “Indeed, some men who might be sneered at the idea of crying during Titanic will likely be admitted to becoming Saving Private Ryan or Platoon . ” For men in general, “the idea of sacrificing for a brother is a more suitable source of emotion “. 
Scott Meslow of The Atlantic Stated while Titanic INITIALLY Seems To need no defense, Given icts success, it is regarded a film “for 15-year-old girls” by ict hand detractors. He argued that dismissing Titanic as fodder for 15-year-old girls fails to consider the film’s accomplishment: “that [this] grandiose, 3+ hour historical romantic drama is a movie for everyone-including teenage boys.” Meslow Stated That DESPITE the movie being white Official high by males under the age of 18, matching the ratings for teenage boy-targeted movies like Iron Man , it is common for boys and men to deny liking Titanic. He admits his own rejection of the movie as a child while secretly loving it. “It’s this collection of elements-the history, the romance, the action-that made (and continues to make) Titanic an irresistible proposition for audiences of all ages across the globe,” he stated. ” Titanic has flaws, but it’s a better movie for 15-year-old girls, but it does not mean it’s not a great movie for everyone else too. ” 
Quotes in the movie aided its popularity. Titanic ‘s catchphrase “I’m the king of the world!” became one of the industry’s most popular quotations.   According to Richard Harris, a psychology professor at Kansas State University , who studied social issues in the United States, using film quotes in everyday conversation others. “People are doing it to feel good about themselves, to make others laugh, to make themselves laugh,” he said. 
Cameron explained the film’s success in having much experience from the experience of sharing. “When people have an experience that is very powerful in the movie theater, they want to share it, they want to grab their friends and bring them, so they can enjoy it,” he said. “They want to be in their life, that’s how Titanic worked.”  Media Awareness Network stated, “The repeat rate for a blockbuster theatrical movie is about 5%.” The repeat rate for Titanic was over 20%. ” The box office receipts “were even more impressive” when “in the movie’s 3-hour-and-14-minute length that it could only be shown to a normal movie’s four showings”. In response to this, “[m] any theaters started midnight showings and were rewarded with full houses until almost 3:30 am”. 
Titanic held the record for box office gross for twelve years.  Cameron’s follow-up film, Avatar , was considered the first film with a good chance at surpassing its worldwide gross,   and did so in 2010.  Various explanations for why the film was able to successfully challenge Titanic were given. For one, “Two-thirds of Titanic ‘s haul was earned overseas, and Avatar [tracked] similarly … Avatar opened in 106 markets globally and was no.1 in all of them” and the markets “such as Russia, where Titanicsaw modest receipts in 1997 and 1998, are white-hot today ”  Brandon Gray, President of Mojo Box Office, said that while Titanic’s avatar may beat ‘s revenue record, the Film is Unlikely to surpass Titanic in attendance. “Ticket prices Were about $ 3 Cheaper in the late 1990s.”  in December 2009, Cameron HAD Stated, “I do not think it’s realistic to try to topple Titanic off icts perch. Some pretty good movies have come out in the last few years. Titanic just struck some kind of chord. ”  In a January 2010 interview,Avatar ‘s performance Was Easier To predict. “It’s gonna happen, it’s just a matter of time,” he said. 
Author Alexandra Keller, when analyzing Titanic ‘ s success, stated that it could agree that the film’ s popularity is based on a contemporary culture, on the perception of history, on the patterns of consumerism and globalization. juggernaut movie events in the 1990s – awesome screen show, expansive action, and, more rarely seen, engaging characters and epic drama. ” 
Titanic garnered mainly positive reviews from film critics, and was positively reviewed by audiences and scholars, who commented on the film’s cultural, historical and political impacts.    We review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes , the movie HAS year approval rating of 88% based are 178 reviews, with a rating average of 8/10. The site’s critical consensus reads, “A largely unqualified triumph for Cameron, who offers a dizzying blend of spectacular visuals and old-fashioned melodrama.”  At Metacritic, which has a weighted mean rating, the film has a score of 74 based on 34 critics, indicating “generally favorably reviews”.  Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of “A +” on an A + to F scale, one of fewer than 60 films in the history of the service to earn the score. 
With regard to the movie’s overall design, Roger Ebert Stated, “It is flawlessly crafted, intelligently constructed, Strongly ACTED and spellbinding … Movies like this are not Merely difficulty to make at all, aim to make Almost not well.” He is credited with “technical difficulties” with “being able to make the filmmakers feel like they are able to bring the drama and history into proportion” and “found [himself] convinced by both the story and the sad saga”. He named it his best film of 1997.  On the television program Siskel & Ebert, the film received “two thumbs up” and was praised for its accuracy in recreating the ship’s sinking; Ebert described the film as “a glorious Hollywood epic” and “well worth the wait,” and Gene Siskel found Leonardo DiCaprio “captivating”.  James Berardinelli stated, “Meticulous in detail, yet vast in scope and intent, Titanic is the kind of epic motion picture that you have not gotten to Titanic , you experience it.”  It was named His second best movie of 1997.  Almar Haflidason of the BBCwrote that “the sinking of the great ship is no secret, yet for a lot of expectations” and that “when you consider that [the movie] tops a bum-numbing three-hour running time, then you have a truly impressive feat of entertainment achieved by Cameron “.  Joseph McBride of Boxoffice Magazine concluded, “To Describe the Titanic as the greatest disaster.” James Cameron’s recreation of the 1912 sinking of the “unsinkable” liner is one of the most magnificent pieces of serious popular entertainment ever to emanate from Hollywood. ” 
The romantic and emotionally charged aspects of the film were equally praised. Andrew L. Urban of Urban Cinefile said, “You will walk out of Titanic not talking about budget or running time, but of its enormous emotive power, big as the engines of the ship itself, determined by its giant propellers to gouge into your heart as propels it. ”  Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly , “A lush and terrifying show of romantic doom.” Writer-director James Cameron has been the victim of the catastrophe of the early 20th century. touches the deepest levels of popular moviemaking. ”  Janet Maslin of The New York Times commented that “Cameron’s magnificent Titanic is the first show in decades that honestly invites comparison to Gone With the Wind .”  Richard Corliss of Time magazine, on the other hand, wrote a largely negative review, criticizing the lack of interesting emotional elements. 
Some reviewers felt that the story and dialogue were weak,  while the visuals were spectacular. Kenneth Turan’s review in the Los Angeles Times was particularly scathing. Dismissing the emotive elements, he stated, “What is the reality of this issue?”,  and later , which is not so close. the only reason that the movie won Oscars was because of its total box office.  Barbara Shulgasser of The San Francisco Examiner gave Titanicone star out of four, quoting a friend as saying, “The number of times in this unbelievably badly written script that the two [lead characters]” the actors to say. ”  Also, filmmaker Robert Altman called it “the most dreadful piece of work I’ve ever seen in my entire life”.  In His 2012 study of the lives of the passengers on the Titanic , historian Richard Davenport-Hines Said, “Cameron’s film diabolized rich Americans and educated English, anathematizing Their emotional restraint, good tailoring, punctilious manners and grammatical training,of the poor Irish and the unlettered “. 
Titanic suffered backlash in addition to its success. In 2003, the film topped a poll of “Best Film Endings”,  and yet it also topped a poll by Film 2003 as “the worst movie of all time”.  The british film magazine Empirereduced their rating of the film to the maximum five stars and an enthusiastic review, to four stars with a less positive review in a later edition, to unite its members’ tastes, who wanted to disassociate themselves from the hype surrounding the film, and the reported activities of its fans, such as those attending multiple screenings. In addition to this, positive and negative parodies and other such spoofs of the film are often circulated on the internet, often inspiring passionate responses from fans of various opinions of the film.  Benjamin Willcock of DVDActive.com did not understand the backlash or the passionate hatred for the film. “What really irks me …,” he said, “are those who make nasty stabs at those who do love it.” Willcock stated, “I obviously do not have anything against those who like Titanic , but those few who make you feel small and pathetic for doing so (and they do exist, trust me) are way beyond my understanding and sympathy.” 
Cameron responded to the backlash and Kenneth Turan’s review in particular. ” Titanicis not a film that is sucking people in the street and they are going back to the street -minute chunk out of their lives, and dragging others with them, so they can share the emotion. “From the ground up, they have been” celebrating their own essential humanity “by seeing it He described the script as being fairly straightforward, and said it intentionally “incorporates universes of human experience and emotion that are timeless – and familiar because they reflect our basic emotional fabric” and that the film was able to succeed in this way. archetypes. He did not see it as pandering. “Turan mistakes archetype for cliche,” he said. “I do not share his view that the best scripts are only ones that explore the perimeter of human experience, or flashily spin their witty and cynical dialogue for our admiration.” 
Empire eventually reinstated its original five star rating of the film, commenting, “It should be no surprise then that it became fashionable to bash James Cameron’s Titanic at about the same time it became clear that this planet was favorite movie. 
Titanic began its awards with the Golden Globes , winning oven, Best Motion Picture – Drama , Best Director , Best Original Score , and Best Original Song .  Kate Winslet and Gloria Stuart were also nominated.  It won the ACE “Eddie” Award , ASC Award , Art Directors Guild Award , Cinema Audience Society Awards , Screen Actors Guild Award (Best Supporting Actress for Gloria Stuart), The Directors Guild of America Award , andBroadcast Film Critics Association Award (Best Director for James Cameron), and The Producer Guild of America Award .  It was also nominated for ten BAFTA awards , including Best Film and Best Director; it failed to win any. 
The movie garnered fourteen Academy Award nominations, tying the record set in 1950 by Joseph L. Mankiewicz ‘s All About Eve  and won eleven: Best Picture (the second film about the Titanic to win That award, after-1933’s Cavalcade ) Best Director , Best Art Direction , Best Cinematography , Best Visual Effects , Best Film Editing , Best Costume Design , Best Sound ( Gary Rydstrom , Tom Johnson , Gary Summers ,Mark Ulano ), Best Sound Effects Editing , Best Original Dramatic Score , Best Original Song .   Kate Winslet, Gloria Stuart and the make-up artists were the three nominees that did not win. James Cameron’s original screenplay and Leonardo DiCaprio were not nominated.  It was the second film to receive eleven Academy Awards, after Ben-Hur .  The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King would also match this record in 2004.
Titanic won the 1997 Academy Award for Best Original Song , Grammy Awards for Record of the Year , Song of the Year , and Best Song Written Specifically for a Motion Picture or Television .    The film’s soundtrack became the best-selling primarily orchestral soundtrack of all time, and became a success worldwide, spending sixteen weeks in the United States copies sold in the United States alone.  The soundtrack also became the best-selling album of 1998 in the US  “My Heart Will Go On “The Grammy Awards for Best Song Written Specifically for a Motion Picture or for Television.” The film also won Best Male Performance for Leonardo DiCaprio and Best Movie at the MTV Movie Awards , Best Film at the People’s Choice Awards , and Favorite Movie at the 1998 Kids’ Choice Awards .  It won various awards outside the United States, including the Awards of the Japanese Academy and the Best Foreign Film of the Year.  Titanic eventually won almost ninety awards and had an additional forty-seven nominations from various award-giving bodies around the world. Additionally, the book on the making of the film was published in the New York Times , “the first time that such a tie-in book has had this status”. 
Since its release, Titanic has appeared on the American Film Institute’s award-winning 100 Years … series . So far, it has ranked on the following six lists:
|AFI’s 100 Years … 100||Rank||Source||Notes|
|Thrills||25||||A list of the top 100 thriller films in American cinema, compiled in 2001.|
|Passions||37||||A list of the top 100 love stories in American cinema, compiled in 2002.|
|Songs||14||||A list of the top 100 songs in American cinema, compiled in 2004. Titanic ranked 14th for Celine Dion’s “My Heart Will Go On”.|
|Movie quotes||100||||A list of the top 100 film quotations in American cinema, compiled in 2005. Titanic ranked 100th for Jack Dawson’s yell of ” I’m the king of the world! “|
|movies||83||||A 2007 (10th anniversary) edition of 1997’s list of the 100 best movies of the past century. Titanic was not eligible when the original list was released.|
|AFI’s 10 Top 10||6||||The 2008 poll of the top ten films in ten different genres. Titanic ranked as the sixth best epic movie.|
Titanic Was released worldwide in widescreen and pan and scan formats are VHS and laserdisc on September 1, 1998.  The VHS Was Made aussi disponible en a deluxe boxed gift set with a mounted filmstrip and six lithograph prints from the movie. A DVD version was released on August 31, 1999 in a widescreen-only (non- anamorphic ) single-disc edition with no special features other than a theatrical trailer . Cameron stated at the time that it was intended for release with special features later. This release became the best-selling DVD of 1999 and early 2000, becoming the first DVD ever to sell one million copies. At the time, less than 5% of all US homes had a DVD player. “When we released the original Titanic DVD, the industry was much smaller,” said Meagan Burrows, Paramount’s president of domestic home entertainment, which makes the film’s DVD performance even more impressive. 
Titanic was re-released on DVD on October 25, 2005 when a three-disc Special Collector’s Edition was made available in the United States and Canada. This edition is a new version of the film.  An international two and four-disc set followed on November 7, 2005.   The two-disc edition was marketed as the Special Edition , and featured the first two discs of the three-disc set, only PAL -enabled. A four-disc edition, marketed as the Deluxe Collector’s Edition , was also released on November 7, 2005. Available only in the United Kingdom, a limited 5-disc set of the movie, under the title Deluxe Limited Edition , was released with only 10,000 copies manufactured. The fifth disc contains Cameron’s documentary Ghosts of the Abyss , which was distributed by Walt Disney Pictures . Unlike the first release of Ghosts of the Abyss , which contained two discs, only the first disc was included in the set. 
Titanic was released on Blu-ray as a single disc variant and a 2 disc version featuring special features on September 10, 2012.  A 4-disc Blu-ray 3D version was released the same day.   Limited collector’s box set including the Blu-ray 3D, 2D Blu-ray, DVD, digital copy and a variety of souvenirs also released exclusively to Amazon.com and other international retailers. 
With regard to television broadcasts, the film airs occasionally across the United States on networks such as TNT. To permit the scene where Jack draws the nude portrait of Rose to be shown on network and specialty cable channels, in addition to minor cuts, the sheer, see-through robe worn by Winslet was digitally painted black. Turner Classic Movies also began to show the film, specifically during the days leading up to the 82nd Academy Awards.
A 2012 re-release, also known as Titanic in 3D,  was created by re-mastering the original to 4K resolution and post-converting to stereoscopic 3D format. The Titanic 3D version took 60 weeks and $ 18 million to produce, including the 4K restoration.  The 3D conversion was performed by Stereo D  and Sony with Slam Panther Records remastering the soundtrack.  Digital 2D and 2D IMAX versions were also written from the new 4K master created in the process. For the 3D release, Cameron opened up the Super 35 film and expanded the image of the film into a new aspect ratio, from 2: 35: 1 to 1: 78: 1, allowing the viewer to see more image on the top and bottom of the screen.  The only scene entirely redone for the re-release was the view from the night sky at sea, on the morning of April 15, 1912. The scene was made with an accurate view of the night-sky star pattern, including the Milky Way , for the North Atlantic Ocean in April 1912. The change was prompted by astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson , who had criticized the scene for showing an unrealistic star pattern. He agreed to send a movie director Cameron, which was the basis of the new scene.
The 3D version of Titanic premiered at the Royal Albert Hall in London on March 27, 2012, with James Cameron and Kate Winslet in attendance,   and entered general release on April 4, 2012, six days shy of the centenary of RMS Titanic embarking on her maiden journey.   
Rolling Stone movie Review Peter Travers rated the reissue 3.5 stars out of 4, explaining he found it “pretty damn dazzling”. He said, “The 3D intensifies Titanic .” Caught up like never before in an epic that earns its place in the movie time capsule.  Writing for Entertainment Weekly , Owen Gleiberman gave the movie an A grade. He wrote, “For once, the visuals in a 3-D movie do not look darkened or distracting.” They look sensationally crisp and alive.  Richard Corliss of Timewho was very critical in 1997 remained in the same mood, “I had pretty much the same reaction: fitfully awed, mostly water-logged.” In the eyes of the 3D effects, he noted the “careful conversion to 3D lends volume and impact to certain moments … [but] in separating the foreground and background of each scene, the converters have carved the visual field into discrete, not organic , levels. ”  Ann Hornaday for the Washington Post found her asking “Whether the movie’s twin values of humanism are enhanced by Cameron’s 3-D conversion, and the answer to that is: They are not.” She further added that “3-D conversion creates distance where there should be intimacy, not to mention odd moments in framing and composition.”
The film was sold $ 4.7 million on the first day of its re-release in North America, and went on to make $ 17.3 million over the weekend, finishing in third place.   Outside North America it earned $ 35.2 million finishing second,  and was $ 98.9 million. China has proven to be its most successful territory where it earned $11.6 million on its opening day, going on to earn a record-breaking $67 million in its opening week and taking more money in the process than it did in the entirety of its original theatrical run. The reissue ultimately earned $343.4 million worldwide, with $145 million coming from China and $57.8 million from Canada and United States.
The 3D conversion of the film was also released in the 4DX format in selected international territories, which allows the audience to experience the film’s environment using motion, wind, fog, lighting and scent-based special effects.   
For the 20th anniversary of the movie, Titanic was re-released in cinemas in Dolby Vision (in both 2D and 3D) for one week beginning December 1, 2017. 
Titanic Live performance of James Horner’s original score by a 130-piece orchestra, choir and Celtic musicians, accompanying a showing of the film.  In April 2015, Titanic Live premiered at the Royal Albert Hall, London, where the 2012 3D re-release had premiered.  The Express said it was “An absolute triumph, Titanic Live brought the film to life in a beautiful new way.”