An intentional community is a planned residential community designed from the start to-have a high degree of social cohesion and teamwork . The members of an intentional community typically hold a common social , political , religious , or spiritual vision and often follow an alternative lifestyle . They typically share responsibilities and resources. Intentional communities include collective households, cohousing communities, coliving , ecovillages , monasteries ,common , survivalist retreats , kibbutzim , ashrams , and housing cooperatives . New members of the community by the real estate owners, rather than real-estate agents or landowners (if the land is not owned collectively by the community).
The aims of intentional communities vary in different communities. They may include sharing resources, creating family-oriented neighborhoods, and living ecologically sustainable lifestyles, such as in ecovillages .
Types of communities
Some communities are secular; others have a spiritual basis. One common practice, particularly in spiritual communities, is communal meals . Typically, there is a focus on egalitarian values. Other themes are voluntary simplicity , interpersonal growth , and self-sufficiency .
Some populations provide services to populations, for example, war refugees, the homeless, or people with developmental disabilities . Some communities operate learning or health centers. Other communities, such as Castanea of Nashville, Tennessee , offers a safe neighborhood for those living in cities. Some communities also have a mixed-income neighborhood. Many intentional communities attempt to alleviate social injustices that are being practiced within the area of residence. Some intentional communities are also micronations , such as Freetown Christiania . 
Types of memberships
Many communities have different types or levels of membership. Typically, intentional communities have a selection process that starts with someone interested in the community coming for a visit. Often prospective community members are interviewed by the community or by the community. Many communities have a “provisional membership” period. After a visit to a new member, they are “provisional” until they have stayed for a period of time (often six months or a year) and then the community re-evaluates their membership. Generally, they have accepted, they become a full member. In many communities, the voting privileges or community benefits for members.
Christian intentional communities are usually composed of those wanting to emulate the practices of the believers. Using the biblical book of Acts (and, often, the Sermon on the Mount ) as a model, members of these communities for a practical working out of their individual faith in a corporate context.  These Christian intentional communities try to live the teachings of the New Testament and practice lives of compassion and hospitality.  Communities Such As the Simple Way , the Bruderhof  and Rutba Housewould fall into this category. These communities, despite strict membership criteria, are open to visitors and not reclusive in the way that certain intentional communities are. 
A survey in the 1995 edition of the Communities Directory , published by Fellowship for Intentional Community (FIC), reported that 54 percent of the communities were rural, 28 percent were urban, 10 percent had both rural and urban sites, and 8 percent did not specify.
Type of governance
Reviews The most common form of governance in intentional communities is democracy (64 percent), with decisions made by Some form of consensus decision-making or voting. A hierarchical or authoritarian structure Governs 9 percent of communities, 11 percent are a combination of democracy and hierarchical structure, and 16 percent do not Specify.  Many communities have recently been transformed into a more democratic form of governance.
- Agricultural cooperative
- Community garden
- Co-operative living arrangements
- Food cooperative
- List of intentional communities
- Utility cooperative
- Utopian socialism
- Cooperative Worker
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- Jump up^ “Bruderhof – Fellowship for Intentional Community” . Fellowship for Intentional Community . Retrieved 2017-11-11 .
- Jump up^ Fellowship for Intentional Community. 1995.Communities Directory. 2nd Edition. Rutledge, Missouri, USA. ISBN 0-9602714-4-9.
- Jump up^ “5 Beliefs That Set The Bruderhof Apart From Other Christians” . Newsmax . Retrieved 2017-05-15 .
- Jump up^ “Learning from the Bruderhof: An Intentional Christian Community” . ChristLife . Retrieved 2017-10-27 .
- Jump up^ Fellowship for Intentional Community. 2005.Communities Directory. 4th Edition. Rutledge, Missouri, USA. ISBN 0-9718264-2-0.