Bug-out bag

bug-out bag gold BOB [1] [2] is a mobile kit That Normally contains the items one Would require to survive for hours 72 [3] [4] When Evacuating from a disaster , ALTHOUGH Some kits are designed to last longer periods. The focus is on evacuation , rather than long-term survival , distinguishing the bug-out bag from a survival kit , a boating or aviation emergency kit, or a fixed-site disaster supplies kit. The kits are also popular in the survivalism and prepper subcultures. [5]


The term “bug-out bag” is related to, and may be derived from, the “bail-out bag” emergency kit many military aviators carry. In the United States, the term refers to the Korean War practice of the US Army designating alternative defensive positions, in the event that the units had to displace. They were directed to “bug out” when being overrun was imminent. The concept of personal use, but the “bail-out bag” is as likely to include emergency gear for an emergency situation. [6] Other names for such a bag are a BOB , [7] 72-hour kit ,, battle box , personal emergency relocation kit (PERK), go bag , GOOD bag (get out of Dodge), [9] INCH bag (I’m never coming home). [10] or quick run bag (QRB). [11] [12]

The term go-kit is popular in the amateur radio service Especially in the Radio Amateur Civil Emergency Service (RACES) and Amateur Radio Emergency Service (ARES) communities and is used to describe a combination personal bug-out bags and portable radio amateur station. A personal go-kit takes a combination of units – a “one-day” (or “24 hour”) kit, a “three day” (or “72 hour”) kit that adds additional supplies, or a “one week kit “that adds additional personal items to the three-day kit. Any or all media deploying the operator more privately owned self-contained radio communications setup.


The primary purpose of a bug-out bag is to allow one to evacuate quickly if a disaster should strike. [13] It is considered prudent to gather all of the materials and supplies that may be required for this single place, such as a bag or a few storage containers. The recommendation that a bug-out bag contains enough provisions for seventy-two hours of advice from organizations responsible for disaster relief and management that it can take up to two times to reach people affected by a disaster and offer help. [3] The bag’s contents may vary according to the user, as someone who lives in the area of ​​earthquakes or wildfires.

In addition to being able to survive a disaster evacuation, a bug-out bag may also be used when sheltering in place as a response to emergencies such as house fires, blackouts , tornadoes , and other severe natural disasters.

Some survivors also recommend keeping a ‘get me home’ kit in the car and / or at work. This is a kit to enable a person to get back to work. It is designed around a personal circumstance where, for example, a walk of 25 kilometers might be required from work to home. The ‘get me home’ kit can include, for example, enough water to get home, suitable for walking, a map (not electronic), food for the weather, etc.

Typical contents

The suggested contents of a bug-out bag vary, but most of the following are usually included: [1] [14] [15] [16]

  • Enough food and water for at least 72 hours. This includes:
    • Water for washing, drinking and cooking. Canada recommends 2 liters per person per day for drinking plus an additional 2 liters per person per day for cleaning and hygiene. [17] New Zealand recommends 3 liters per person per day for drinking. [18] US recommends 1 gallon (3.78 liters) per person per day. [19] Extra water for pets may be included as well.
    • Non-perishable food [20]
    • Water purification supplies.
    • Cooking supplies. [21]
  • Multi-vitamin (as supplement to strengthen immune system or as a complete alternative to carrying food
  • A first aid kit . [22]
  • Necessary clothing (eg, socks and underwear). It is assumed that during an emergency situation it will be worn for an extended period of time.
  • Fire starting tool (eg, matches, ferrocerium rod, lighter , 9volt battery, etc.).
  • A disaster plan including rental of emergency centers, rallying points, possible evacuation routes, etc.
  • Professional emergency literature explaining what to do in various types of disaster, studied and understood beforehand.
  • Maps and travel information. [23]
  • Standard camping equipment, including sanitation supplies. [24]
  • UV protection (eg, poncho , golf umbrella headwear, gloves, etc.).
  • Bedding items such as sleeping bags and blankets. If you have to sleep on the ground then a thick plastic or oilcloth tarp under the sleeping bags will keep ground moisture out of your bedding. A second one suspended on a rope between two trees or other supports can be used to form a tarpa tent shelter from the morning dew or a rainstorm.
  • Enough medicine to last an extended evacuation period.
  • Copies of medical records for each person in the family.
  • Pet, child, and elderly care needs. [25]
  • Battery or crank-operated radio . [26]
  • Lighting (battery or crank operated flashlight , glow sticks ). [27]
  • Cash and change, as electronic banking transactions may not be available during the initial period following an emergency or evacuation.
  • Positive identification, such as license drivers, state ID card, or social security card, plus any medical ID cards if you have them. Those with allergies should have a MedicAlert or similar ID.
  • Birth certificate or passport.
  • Fixed-blade and folding knife [28]
  • Swiss Army Knife [29]
  • Multi-tool, like a Leatherman
  • Duct tape and rope or paracord [30]
  • Tarpaulin for shelter and water collection
  • Wire for binding and animal traps
  • Compass
  • Firearms and extra ammunition
  • Slingshot , pellet gun , blowgun or other small game hunting equipment
  • Small fishing kit
  • Signal mirror
  • Emergency whistle
  • Rubber tubing
  • Digestion care medicine for indigestion, ache stomach, nausea, and diarrhea
  • Buffers [31]
  • Trash bags
  • Aluminum foil
  • Bandana
  • Super glue , which can also be used to suture wounds [32] .
  • Hatchet
  • Pepper Spray as self protection against dangerous animals and people

See also

  • Retreat (survivalism)
  • Survival kit
  • Survivalism
  • Ten Essentials


  1. ^ Jump up to:b South, J. Allan (1990). “Chapter 11 (Equipment), Bug-Out Bag Contents”. The Sense of Survival . Orem, Utah: Timpanogos Publishers. p. 221. ISBN 0-935329-00-5 .
  2. Jump up^ Lundin, Cody, When All Hell Breaks Loose: Stuff You Need To Survive When Disaster Strikes, Chapter 3 (Gibbs Smith, Publisher, Layton, Utah, Sep. 2007
  3. ^ Jump up to:b “Disaster Supplies Kit-Canadian Red Cross” . Redcross.ca. 2007-05-03 . Retrieved 2009-09-05 . permanent dead link ]
  4. Jump up^ “FEMA: Disaster Planning Is Up To You” . Fema.gov. Archived from the original on 2009-11-17 . Retrieved 2009-09-05 .
  5. Jump up^ Rawles, James Wesley (2007). Rawles on Retreats and Relocation . Clearwater Press. p. 5. ASIN B002A6E7Q0 . [ self-published source? ]
  6. Jump up^ “The Bail Out Bag” . BlueSheepdog.com. 2009-07-16 . Retrieved 2011-06-18 .
  7. Jump up^ “What’s a Bug Out Bag” . Bug Out Bag Academy . Retrieved 2016-11-03.
  8. Jump up^ “72 Hour Kit – How to Make a 72 Hour Kit for Emergency Preparedness”. Lds.about.com . Retrieved 2009-09-05 .
  9. Jump up^ Frank Borelli. Equipment Review: Bug Out Bags? Officer.com. Posted September 4, 2009.
  10. Jump up^ Muska, Scott (April 30, 2014). “The” I’m Never Coming Home Bag: “An Assembly Guide” . Weekly Gravy . Retrieved October 18, 2016 .
  11. Jump up^ Tearfund, Disaster Management Team Good Practice Guidelines, 2007http://tilz.tearfund.org/~/media/Files/TILZ/Topics/DMT/GPG_Disaster_Risk_Reduction.pdf?la=en
  12. Jump up^ VSF Germany Contingency Updates,http://www.vsfg.org/security-guidelines/contingency-recommendations
  13. Jump up^ Dr.Bruce Clayton, Life After Doomsday, Chapter 3 (To Flee of Not To Flee), p. 39,Paladin Press, Boulder, CO, 1980
  14. Jump up^ Stewart, Creek (2012). Build the Perfect Bug Out Bag: Your 72-Hour Disaster Survival Kit . Betterway Books. ISBN 1440318743 . [ page needed ]
  15. Jump up^ Building Kits: Getting Prepared by Mike Peterson, American Survival Guide Magazine, Dec. 1993, p. 76
  16. Jump up^ Survival Skills Intensive Training: Collecting the Bug Out Kit, by Christopher Nyerges, American Survival Guide Magazine, May, 1998, p. 26
  17. Jump up^ “Emergency Kits” . Public Safety Canada . Retrieved 2012-04-12 .
  18. Jump up^ “Emergency Survival Items & Getaway Kit” . Civil Defense NZ . Retrieved 2015-11-19 .
  19. Jump up^ “Basic Disaster Supplies Kit” . FEMA. Archived from the original on 2012-04-12 . Retrieved 2012-04-08 .
  20. Jump up^ Rawles, James Wesley (2007). Rawles on Retreats and Relocation . Clearwater Press. p. 133. ASIN B002A6E7Q0 . [ self-published source? ]
  21. Jump up^ Rawles, James Wesley (2007). Rawles on Retreats and Relocation . Clearwater Press. p. 119. ASIN B002A6E7Q0 . [ self-published source? ]
  22. Jump up^ Survival Kits: Considerations of personal situations in making your own kits, by Hal Gordon, American Survival Guide Magazine, Nov. 1986, p. 57
  23. Jump up^ The Commuter Kit: Essential Tools for Daily Commuters, by M. Marlo Brown, American Survival Guide Magazine, Jan. 2000, p. 112
  24. Jump up^ Survival Kits: Critical 10 Percent, by Daniel C. Friend, American Survival Guide Magazine, Mar. 1990, p. 30
  25. Jump up^ Rawles, James Wesley (2007). Rawles on Retreats and Relocation . Clearwater Press. p. 121. ASIN B002A6E7Q0 . [ self-published source? ]
  26. Jump up^ Rawles, James Wesley (2007). Rawles on Retreats and Relocation . Clearwater Press. p. 120. ASIN B002A6E7Q0 . [ self-published source? ]
  27. Jump up^ Rawles, James Wesley (2007). Rawles on Retreats and Relocation . Clearwater Press. p. 31. ASIN B002A6E7Q0 . [ self-published source? ]
  28. Jump up^ {full quote needed | date = December 2016}}
  29. Jump up^ “The Survivors Bug Out Bag List” . James Kearney (Doomsday News, October 21, 2013. Retrieved October 25, 2013 .
  30. Jump up^ “Ultimate Bug Out Bag Checklist” . Know Prepare Survive . Retrieved 6 April 2017 .
  31. Jump up^ “Yes, That’s a Stamp in My Mouth: The Swiss Army Survival Stamp – 10 Survival Uses” . Art of Manliness . Retrieved 6 April 2017 .
  32. Jump up^ Dalvi, AA; Faria, MM; Pinto, AA (1986). “Non-suture closure of wound using cyanoacrylate” . J Postgrad Med [serial online] . 32 : 97-100.