Tent

tent pronunciation ( help · info ) is a shelter consistant en sheets of fabric or other material draped over, attached to a frame of poles or attached to a rope Supporting. While smaller tents May be free-standing or attached to the ground, wide tents are usually anchored using guy ropes tied to stakes or tent pegs . First used as mobile homes by nomadic peoples, tents are now more Often used for recreational camping and temporary shelters.  

Tents range in size from ” bivouac ” structures, just big enough for one person to sleep in, up to huge circus tents capable of seating thousands of people. The bulk of this article is concerned with the use of camping equipment. Larger tents are discussed in a separate section below.

Tents for recreational camping fall into two categories. Tents is intended to be carried by the smallest and lightest types. Small tents may be sufficiently light that they can be driven for long distances on a bicycle tour , a boat , or when backpacking .

The second type is larger, heavier tents which are usually used. Depending on the size of the person in question, such tents can usually be assembled (pitched) in between 5 and 25 minutes; disassembly (striking) takes a similar length of time. Some very specialized tents have spring-loaded poles and can be ‘pitched’ in seconds, but take somewhat longer to strike.

History

Tents were used at least as far back as the early Iron Age . citation needed ] They are mentioned in the Bible; for example, in the Genesis 4:20 Jabal is described as ‘the first to live in tents and raise sheep and goats ‘. The Roman Army used leather tents, copies of which have been used successfully by modern reenactors. [1] Various styles developed over time, some derived from traditional nomadic tents, such as the yurt .

Most military tents in history were a simple ridge design. Citation needed ] The major technological advance Was the use of linen or hemp canvas for the canopy versus leather for the Romans. The primary use of tents was to provide portable shelter for a small number of men in the field.

By World War I, larger designs have been deployed to support and provide support.

Use

Tents are used as dwelling by nomads, recreational campers, soldiers, and disaster victims. Tents are also typically used as overhead shelter for festivals, weddings, backyard parties, major corporate events, excavation (construction) covers, and industrial shelters.

Traditional

Tents have traditionally been used by nomadic people all over the world, such as Native Americans , Mongolian, Turkic and Tibetan Nomads, and the Bedouin .

Military

Armies all over the world have been used as part of their working life. Tents are preferred by the military for their relatively quick setup and take down, compared to more traditional shelters. One of the world’s largest users of the US Department of Defense . The US Department of Defense has strict rules on quality and specifications. The most common attempts for the military are temporary barracks (sleeping quarters), DFAC buildings (dining facilities), field headquarters, Morale, Welfare, and Recreation (MWR) facilities, and security checkpoints. One of the most popular designs currently in the US DoD is TEMPER Tent. TEMPER is an acronym for Tent Expandable Modular PERsonnel. The US militaryis Beginning to use a more modern tent called Expired the deployable rapid assembly shelter or DRASH. It is a collapsible tent with provisions for air conditioning and heating. [2]

Recreational

Camping is a popular form of recreation which often involves the use of tents. It is economical and practical because of its portability and low environmental impact. These qualities are necessary when used in the wilderness or backcountry.

Emergency

See also: Emergency shelter

Tents are often used in humanitarian emergencies, such as war , earthquakes and fire . The primary choice of tents in humanitarian emergencies are canvas tents, citation needed ] Because a cotton canvas tent Allows functional breathability while serving the purpose of temporary shelter. Tents distributed by organizations Such As UNHCR are made by various manufacturers, DEPENDING on the area Where the tents are Deployed, as well as DEPENDING on the purpose.

At times, however, these temporary shelters become permanent or semi-permanent home, especially for displaced people living in refugee camps or shanty towns .

Protest movements

Tents are also often used as sites and symbols of protest over time. [3] In 1968 Resurrection City in Washington DC In the 1970s and 1980s anti-nuclear peace camps spread across Europe and North America, with the largest women-only camp to date set up the Greenham Common United States RAF base in Newbury, England to protest the missiles during the Cold War. The 1990s saw environmental protest camps in the Clayoquot Sound in Canada and the roads protests in the UK. The first No Border Networkcamp was held in Strasbourg in 2002, becoming the first in a series of international camps that continues to be organized today. Other international camps of the 2000s include summit counter-mobilizations like Horizon at the Gleneagles G8 gathering in 2005 and the beginning of Camp for Climate Action in 2006. [4] Since September 2011, the tent has been used as a symbol of the Occupy movement , citation needed ] an international protest movement which is primarily directed against economic and social inequality. Occupy protesters use tents to create camps in public places they can form communities of open discussion and democratic action.

General considerations

Tent fabric may be made of many materials including cotton ( canvas ), nylon , felt and polyester . Cotton Absorbs water, so it can Become very heavy when wet, the goal associated swelling tend to block holes so That Any Minute wet cotton is more waterproof than dry cotton. Cotton tents were often treated with paraffin to enhance water resistance. Nylon and polyester are much lighter than cotton and do not absorb much water; with suitable coatings they can be very waterproof, but they tend to deteriorate due to a slow chemical breakdown caused by ultravioletlight. The most common treatments are silicone impregnation or polyurethane coating. Since they are so small, they are often sealed, but they are often sealed and sealed, but they are not waterproof.

Rain resistance is measured and expressed as hydrostatic head in millimeters (mm). This indicates the pressure of water needed to penetrate a fabric. Heavy gold wind-driven rain has a higher pressure than light rain. Standing on a groundsheet increases the pressure on any water underneath. Fabric with a hydrostatic head rating of 1000 mm or less is best regarded as shower resistant, with 1500 mm being generally suitable for summer camping. Tents for year-round generally at least 2000 mm; tents are often rated at 3000 mm. Where quoted, groundsheets may be rated for 5000 mm or more.

Many phrases such as “3 berth” or “2 person”. These numbers indicate how many people think, but these numbers do not always allow for any personal belongings, such as luggage, inflatable mattresses, camp beds, costs, etc., nor do they always allow for people who are of above average height. (4.9 ft) is enough for three people – snug is the operative word. Experience indicates that camping may be more comfortable than the manufacturer’s suggestion, though different manufacturers are not accepted standard.

If the tent will be used Where flying biting insects are expected, it shoulds-have all window, wind and door Openings covered with fine-mesh ” no-see-um ” netting .

Tents can be improvised using a waterproof fabric, string, and sticks.

List of traditional types

Detail of an early 18th-century tent in the District Museum in Tarnów , richly decorated in Muslim motifs and equipped with windows – an example of luxury tent-making for the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth ‘s magnateria .
  • Bell temp
  • Dome tent
  • Fly
  • Kohte
  • Lavvu , Sami tent
  • Rented
  • Nomadic tents
  • pandal
  • Sibley tent
  • Tarp tent
  • tipi
  • Tupiq
  • Wall Tent
  • Wigwam
  • Yurt
  • Pop Tent

Parts

There are three basic configurations of tents, each of which can appear with many variations:

Single skin (USA: single wall) : Only one waterproof layer of fabric is used, comprising at least roof and walls. To minimize condensation on the inside of the tent, some expedition tents use waterproof / breathable fabrics .

Single skin with flysheet : A waterproof flysheet or rain fly is suspended and clear of the roof of the tent; it often overlaps the tent, but does not extend to either side of the tent.

Double skin (USA: double wall) : The outer tent is a waterproof layer which extends to the ground all round. One or more ‘inner tents’ provide sleeping areas. The outer tent may be a little larger than the inner tent, or it may be a lot larger and provide a covered living area of ​​the sleeping area (s). An inner tent is not waterproof, but allows water vapor to pass through so that condensation occurs only on the exterior side. The double layer can also provide some thermal insulation . Either the outer skin or the inner skin may be the structural component, carrying the poles; the structural skin is always pitched first, although some tents are so closely related that they are both pitched at the same time.

Components:

  • flysheet or rain fly (found only in double skin tents) is used to protect the actual tent from water. A flysheet is waterproof on the outside and also provides a surface to collect condensationon the inside, which then runs down to the ground. When a flysheet is used, it is important that there is no contact with the inner tent it is protecting; this keeps the inner dry. ‘Expedition’ tents often have extra poles to help ensure that the wind does not blow the two layers into contact.
  • The inner tent includes the main living and sleeping area of ​​the tent. For double skin tents, the inner tent (often mesh) is not waterproof since it is protected by the rain fly. For a single skin tents, the inner tent is often made of waterproof-breathable material that prevents liquid water from penetrating the inside of the tent, but still allows water vapor to be transported out.
  • The vestibule (they can be plural) is a floorless covered section that is typically used for the storage of boots, packs, and other small equipment. Vestibules are often used for activities that are preferably used in the kitchen or in the kitchen. Vestibules can be included as an attachment or integrated into the tent itself. Hallway size varies considerably, ranging from larger areas to smaller.
  • groundsheetis used to providing a waterproof barrier between the ground and a sleeping bag. With double skin tents, the inner tents usually have a sewn-in groundsheet, but a separate flat groundsheet can be provided for any living area. With single skin tents, the groundsheet may be sewn in or separate. Normal practice with spacewalls in the field is for the groundsheet to extend some 15 cm (5.9 in) up the lower part of the walls (sometimes called a ‘bathtub’ arrangement); this copes with a situation where water seeps under the side walls of the tent. Separate groundsheets allow load-sharing when backpacking, and may make it easier to pitch and strike, but they provide less protection against insects etc. getting into the sleeping area; also, if any part of a separate groundsheet protrudes from under the side walls,
  • The poles provide structural support. They may be collapsible for easier transportation and storage. Some designs use rigid poles, typically made of metal , or sometimes wood . Other designs use semi-rigid poles, typically made of fiberglass , or sometimes of special metal alloys . Another pole type uses inflatable beams as structural support. Some tents, particularly very lightweight models, actually use hiking poles as their structural supports.
  • Stakes (gold tent pegs ) or screws May be used to fasten the tent to the ground. Some people are attached to a guy who thinks that he or she is out of shape Others are used to anchor the bottom edge of the fabric to the ground. Pegs may be made of wood, plastic, or metal. A mallet may be needed to drive thicker pegs into the ground. Skewermetal pegs with a length of thickness of a wire but with a hook on the ends Pegs used for guy ropes should not be driven vertically into the ground; they should be driven in at an angle so that they are at the right angles. Lighter free standing tents may need some guy ropes and pegs to prevent them from being blown away.
  • Air winds help reduce the effects of condensation. When people breathe , they expel a lot of water vapor. If the outside of the tent is colder than the inside (the usual case), then this vapor will condense on the inside of the tent, on any clothing lying about, on the outside of a sleeping bag, etc. Hence ventilation helps to remove the vapor, but this may be in cold air.
  • An optional tent footprint or groundsheet protector may be used. This is a separate flat groundsheet which goes beyond the main groundsheet, and is slightly smaller than that. The intention is to protect the main groundsheet, especially when camping on rough terrain, since it is much cheaper to replace a separate footprint than it is to replace a sewn-in groundsheet.

Design factors

Many factors affect design, including:

  • Financial cost
    • The least expensive tents tend to be heavier, less durable and less waterproof. The most expensive tents, used by serious backpackers and professional adventurers, are usually lighter in weight, more durable and more waterproof.
  • Intended use
    • Backpacking , lengthy duration for carrying the tent. Weight and size are the most crucial factors.
    • Touring, high frequency of pitching and striking. Ease of pitching / striking the tent is important.
    • Static, staying at one campsite for a week or two at a time. A comfortable camping experience is the target.
  • Camping season
    A tent required only for summer use in the depths of winter. Manufacturers label tents as one-season, two-three-season, three-season, four-season, etc. A one-season, and can only be capable of coping with light showers. A three-season tent is for spring / summer / autumn and should be able to withstand heavy rain, or very light snow. A four-season tent should be suitable for winter camping in all but the most extreme conditions; An expedition tent (for mountain conditions) should be strong enough to cope with heavy snow, strong winds, and heavy rain. Some people are sold, quite cheaply, as festivaltents; These may be suitable for camping in dry weather, and may not be showerproof.
  • Size of tent
    • The number and age of people who will be camping determined how big and what features sleeping area (s) must have.
    • To allow for some weather, some covered living space may be desirable. Alternatively, cyclists have a trip to their trip to get their bicycles out of the weather.
    • To allow for sunshine, an awning to provide shade may not go amiss. Some tents have additional poles so that the fabric doorways can be used as awnings.
    • Internal height. Manufacturers quote the maximum internal height, but the usable internal height may be a little lower, depending on the tent style. Ridge tents have a steeply sloping roof so the whole height is rarely usable. Dome tents slope gently in all directions from the peak. Tunnel tents have a good usable height along the line. Frame and cabin tents have gently sloping roofs and near vertical walls. To fully evaluate the usable space in a tent, both the maximum wall height and slope must be considered. There are four useful heights used to evaluate appropriate tent height: lie down only, sit, kneel, stand. The exact heights at which these apply to the heights of the campers involved; those over 182 cm (5. 97 ft) are likely to have fewer choices than those who are shorter. As a starting point, sitting height is often between 90 and 105 cm (2 ft 11 in and 3 ft 5 in), and kneeling height may be between 120 and 150 cm (3.9 and 4.9 ft). These different heights are useful for evaluating certain tasks, such as changing clothes, can be accomplished in the tent.
  • Number of sleeping areas
    Larger tents are sometimes partitioned into separate sleeping areas or rooms. A temptation described as a viz-a-viz usually has two separate sleeping areas with a living area in between.
  • Tent color
    In some areas there is a move towards reducing the visual impact of campsites. The best colors for green, brown, tan or khaki.
    An opposing consideration of visible and unnatural colors, such as bright yellow-orange or red. Bright-colored tents can be easily spotted from the air in cases of an emergency. They are important in places where they can not record a low-visibility tent and run over its unsuspecting occupiers. Campers wandering away from camp will find their way back easily if their tent is highly visible. Additionally, lost hikers may find rescue by spotting a visible camp site from afar. Some people have a personal preference for various colors and some manufacturers as part of their product branding.
  • Setup effort
    Some styles of camping and living outdoors. Quick setup of tents. As a general rule, the more robust the tent, the more time and effort needed to set up and dismantle, although specific design (eg, for the Swedish Hillebergmanufacturer has a design goal that their toughest tents should be easily pitched by a single camper in the weather while wearing mittens, but the implementation of that adds to their price). The style of the day also has a great impact on its ease of use.
  • Weather conditions
    A tent can be more or less able to cope with cold weather or rainy conditions. The amount of water resistance is sometimes measured in the millimeter unit , water gauge .

Shelters

  • fly (flysheet) consists of a single rectangular sheet of material. Two opposite sides are held in the middle by poles, or sometimes just between conveniently placed trees. The tops of the poles are attached via guy ropes to pegs, in order to keep the poles upright. Additional guy ropes are attached to the lower edges to pull them outwards away from the poles.
  • gazebo uses a framework of metal poles to support a roof. This structure provides a more flexible space for a flysheet. Because a gazebo is free-standing, it is often used as a shelter for a temporary shop at a fair or street market.
  • beach tent is often used for the purpose of storage, but is at most showerproof. Some beach tents are especially opaque to ultra-violet light, and they provide protection against sunburn. Maximum height is typically about 120 cm (3.9 ft), and they are usually not large enough for an adult to lie down in.
  • fishermen’s tent is also modified, often with a projecting, but with no closable doorway.

Modern styles

Typical lightweight and trekking tent designs: 1. tent geodesic, 2. tent dome, 3. tent tunnel, 4. tent ridge, 5. tent pyramid

With modern materials, the manufacturers have great freedom to vary types and styles and shapes of tents.

  • The poles actually hold the tent in the required shape.
  • Poles which dismantle for ease of transport are either color-coded or linked by chain or cord, so there is little doubt to which poles connect where.
  • Relatively few guys are needed (sometimes none).
  • The exact positioning of any guy is not too important.

Rigid poles

Many people do not need to wear ropes, but they may require pegs around the bottom edge of the fabric. These tents are usually so heavy (25 to 80 kg) that it takes a rather strong wind to blow them away.

  • frametents are double-skin tents. They have a living area and one or more cotton / nylon / polyester inner tents. The outer tent is draped over a free-standing steel frame, and may be made of canvas or polyester (the latter often has a hydrostatic head of 3000 mm, ie three season camping). The living area is at least as wide as it may be, and there may be a specific area with wind and air for use as a kitchen. The walls are nearly vertical and are typically about 150 to 180 cm (4.9 to 5.9 ft) high. The center of the sloping roof is often 210 cm (6.9 ft) high and more The smaller 2-person models were less than 3 meters square (10 ft), but these were largely replaced by tunnel or tents.
  • Cabin tents are single-skin tents used mainly in the USA. They often have nylon walls, polyester roof, and a polyethylene floor, plus an awning at one or both ends. With a hydrostatic head of only 1000 mm, they can be considered as summer tents. Removable internal dividers allow the cabin to be split into ‘rooms’. Sizes can range from 13 ft by 8 ft (2 rooms) to up to 25 ft by 10 ft (4 rooms), with wall and roof heights similar to those of frame tents. There are three separate poles, with each unit of two uprights and a connecting ridge. These pole units support the center and ends of the roof, and are usually outside the tent.
  • Pop up tents also known as pop-up tents. Very easy to use and to carry. Perfect for professional campers who want to spend the smallest time in pitching the tent.
  • Wall tents are the largest and most accommodating canvas tents available. They are very popular with hunters and backcountry campers. Walls can provide a lot of room, more room to move around freely inside the tent without crouching or bending over. This type of set up is great for those who spend a lot of time in their tents, tables, stoves, and so on. Also known as outfitter tents. quote needed ]
  • Spike tents are smaller and lighter than they are, and they are easier to wear than they are, they are a good choice if you have a lot of people. Spike tent frames vary in size and style are almost always lighter than wall tent frames. Also known as wigwam tents. quote needed ]
  • Range tents are similar to spikes in their shape and size, except for They resemble a pyramid type and are often referred to as pyramids. Range tents can be set up with a bi-pole system that goes on the outside of the tent, or they can be set up to a single frame that goes into the middle of the tent on the inside, and they can also be set up by tying the top of the tent to a hanging tree branch. Also known as teepee tents. quote needed ]

Flexible poles

Flexible poles used for this section are typically between 3 and 6 meters (9.8 and 19.7 ft) long. Cheap poles are made of tubes of fiberglass with an external diameter less than 1 cm ( 1 / 3 in), whereas more expensive aluminumalloys are the material of choice for added strength and durability. For ease of transportation, these poles are made in sections some 30 to 60 cm (0.98 to 1.97 ft) long, with one end of each section having a socket in which the next section can fit. For ease of assembly, the sections for each pole are often connected by an internal elastic cord running the entire length of the pole.

  • Dome tents have a very simple structure and are available in a wide range of sizes ranging from 2-person to 180 cm (5.9 ft). These may be single wall, or single-wall with partial flysheet, or double wall. Depending on the pole arrangement, some models pitch outer-tent first, others others pitch inner-tent first. The train helps keep the tent dry, but the latter is easier to pitch.
The basic dome has a rectangular floor and two poles which cross at the peak; each pole runs into a bottom corner, up to the peak, and then down to the diagonally opposite bottom corner. There are usually special fittings at each corner of each pole – pole tension keeps everything in shape. The poles can run on the inside or outside of the tent fabric. When located on the inside, these are held in place by a variety of loops, clips, and other fastening hardware. Poles that are located on the outside of the fabric are attached by fabric pole sleeves or plastic clips. They are considered to be free, but must be pegged down in high winds.
The basic dome design has been extensively modified, producing tents with three poles, tents with irregularly-shaped bases, and other unusual types. A common variation is to add a third pole between two adjacent corners; This is an extension of the flysheet, to give a porch / storage area.
  • Tunnel tents may offer more usable internal space than a dome tent with the same ground area, but almost always need to be upright. These are almost always double wall tents. Sizes range from 1-person to over 180 cm (5.9 ft).
A basic tunnel uses two or more flexible poles, arranged as parallel hoops, with tent fabric attached to a half-cylinder or tapering tunnel. The most common designs have a sleeping area at one end and a vestibule area at the other, though vestibules (possibly extended) at each end are not uncommon, or vis-à-vis sleeping at either end and a common opening to a common vestibule area are made too.
  • Hybrid dome / tunnel tents are now common. One variation is to use a basic dome as the sleeping area; one or two hooped poles to one side are linked by a tunnel to the dome to provide a porch. Another variation is to use a large living room, with up to 4 tunnel extensions to provide sleeping areas.
  • Geodesic tents are essentially those with two or more poles which criss-cross the normal two poles to help support the basic shape and minimizes the amount of unsupported fabric. This makes them more suitable for use in snowy conditions and strong winds. To help withstand strong winds they are rarely more than 120 or 150 cm (3.9 or 4.9 ft) high.
  • Single-hoop tents use just one flexible pole and are often sold as light-weight 1 or 2-person tents. These are the modern equivalent of older style pupils, and have the same feature of some limited headroom. Different styles may have the pole going either along or across the tent.
  • The pop-up is a recent innovation. This type of device is very flexible when it is unpacked, it springs into shape immediately, and is extremely easy to set up. Such tents are usually single-skinned and are generally available at the end of the market; their high flexibility makes them unsuitable for use in windy situations. After use the tent is packed down into a thick disc shape.

Inflatable airbeams

Inflatable pole supports, also known as airbeams, serve as rigid structural supports when inflated but are soft and pliable when deflated. Tents using such technology are commonly used and are not widely accepted.

Much like a bicycle tube and tire, airbeams are often composed of a highly dimensionally stable (ie no stretch) fabric and an air-holding inner bladder. However, other airbeam constructions consist of coated fabrics that are cut and manufactured to their intended shape by a method such as thermal welding. Depending on the desired size, airbeams can be anywhere from 2-40 inches in diameter, inflated to different pressures. [5] High pressure airbeams (40-80 psi) which are more often used in larger shelters, where low pressure beams (5-7 psi) are preferred for recreational use. [6]The relatively low pressure enables the use of a manual pump to inflate the airbeam to the desired level. Airbeams have the unique quality of bending, rather than breaking, when overloaded. Tents that use inflatable airbeams are structured almost identically to those that use flexible poles.

  • Dome tents use inflatable That AirBEAM media are available in a variety of sizes ranging from lightweight 2-person to person 6+ larger shelters, and are Virtually identiques to the flexible arrangement of pole-supported dome tents. Beams are usually integrated into the shell such that they do not have to be reinserted every time. Airbeams can be located on the inside or outside of the tent shell. Similar to the pole-supported construction, the airbeam is more likely to be staked out with pegs and guyout lines to increase stability and strength.
  • Tunnel tents are a common form of airbeam supported tents because of their size. Military applications use this style of medical assistance, helicopter enclosures, and airplane hangars. [7]In these constructions, hoops are the identical in size. In commercial airbeam supported tents, the hoops can be different sizes. Tunnel tents tend to withstand high winds because of their low profile shape. However, the tents are not freestanding and must be anchored and secured.

Older tent styles

Most of these tent styles are no longer available. Most of these are single-skin designs, with optional fly sheets for the ridge tents.

All the tents listed here have a canvas fabric and most of the time (8 to 18). The guys had gotten to the point where they had been correctly adjusted. Pup tents might use wooden gold metal poles, but all the other styles

  • pup tent is a small version of a ridge tent intended for 1 to 3 people. It usually has a rectangular floor to size of 4 ft by 6 ft to 6 ft by 8 ft, and ridge heights ranging from 3 ft to 5 ft. Larger versions have side walls, usually about 1 ft high. There are guy ropes for each pole. Versions with sides add guys at each corner and in the center of each side. These guys help you maintain the required shape. Earlier versions had a single upright pole at each end, while later versions often had two poles at each end, rather like a shape, in order to make access easier. Some models have a horizontal ridge pole joining the tops of the end poles to support the center of the tent. Many armies issue pup tents as shelter halves, with each soldier carrying a tent in his field gear, [8]
  • ridge tent or wall tentcan sleep 5 to 8 people or more. They usually have a size of 6 ft. By ft., And ridge heights around 6 ft. To 9 ft. The side walls are usually about 3 ft high. They normally have a single pole at each end with a horizontal ridge pole. Longer models might have an additional pole in the center to help support the ridge pole. They have two guys at each corner, and every two feet along the sides. If strong winds are expected then two additional storms are attached to the top of each pole. Ridge tents are often used by hunters and outfitters, and their equipment and related gear. Many can be with wood stoves for heating and cooking. There are several manufacturers in the US and Canada make make wall tents that have foot prints of greater than 220 square feet. The canvas of wall tents may be treated for water, mildew and fire retardancy.
  • square center-pole tent was often used for family camping in the first half of the 20th century. Despite the use of 9 poles and 12 guy ropes, such an experience could be achieved by an experienced family of four in some 10 to 15 minutes. These tents had a floor of size ranging from 8 to 8 ft. To 15 by 15 ft. There were about 10 ft or 12 ft in the center – the walls were vertical and the roof was pyramid-shaped, so there was plenty of headroom over most of the tent.
  • Sibley tent (bell tent) had a circular floor plan some 10 ft to 15 ft across, a single central pole some 10 ft high, and walls about 3 ft high. These ropes were connected every day to the top of the walls.

Marquees and larger tents

These larger tents are used for sleeping.

  • A brand is a large tent used as a temporary building. They have long been used for circus or other performances, fairs, banquets, large weddings, religious tent revival events or, more recently corporate entertainmentevents. Traditionally made of canvas, modern “party tents” are more likely to use PE (polythene) or, for higher quality, PVC. ‘DIY’ are available up to 20 feet (6.1 m) wide. 30 to 150 feet (9.1 to 45.7 meters) widths are very expensive and require specialized equipment. Many corporations own large (9m to 45m wide). Party tents are held down with tensioned ratchets and / or stakes. Sizes range from 10 to 150 by 400 feet (3.0 to 45.7 by 121.9 meters).
  • A pole marks is composed of two types of poles, side poles and guy ropes which are attached to ground stakes. Hand made of white cotton canvas, traditional poled markers are more attractive and more versatile than aluminum frame brandes. The modern PVC is one of the most important features of the industry .
  • A tension is a new variation of the marked pole . The general design is similar to the branded pole. However, it usually has fewer poles, and the integrity of the structure is maintained by the tension of the fabric. Aussi it is very similar to a tensile structure it is Often used for outdoor weddings, party and other events. Tent and Freeform / Stretch / Flex Tent styles developed in South Africa
  • Freeform / Stretch / Flex Tents have been developed since 2000 in South Africa and Australia. citation needed ] The composition of the fabric differs slightly from those of South Africa and those in Australia. Stretch Tent Fabrics have been produced using Nylon and Polyester . Since 2007 Stretch Tents have been introduced into Europe by some of the South African companies such as Intent. Stretch Tents uses aluminum , wooden and bamboo poles capped by molded polypropylene or rubberthat push through the stretched fabric, creating tension between the ground and the fabric. The fabric can be sculpted to various organic and curvaceous forms to provide shade and rain cover for events. The tensioned fabric must be made rigid and form the tent allow water run-off and resistance to wind load before erection is full.
  • Aluminum frame marks – Aluminum frame tents have no center poles gold guy ropes. This kind of mark can be erected on almost any surface and adjacent to buildings or annex tents. The Aluminum frame is much more stable and can be seen in many countries, flower beds or trees. In the UK this design is The Most Commonly used style for MOST retail rentals citation needed ] and can be found as being white temporary structures used for storage in retail and military applications.
  • A newer category of the Marquee / Party tents is the High Peak Tents Frame (known by several brand names like “frame & cable”, “vista”, “pinnacle”, “Century” etc.). These tents have the advantage of the tents with the high top, ease of installation, cleaner look, and less parts. They also have the advantage of the Frame Tents as they do not have support pole (s) on the inside of the tent that touches the ground. The high top is accomplished by using a “floating pole”, which is a pole that can be used to reduce the speed of travel. Most tent manufactures are now making these tents and they come together in a variety of sizes and shapes.
  • Marquee tents typically have interchangeable parts, which allow to expand to larger sizes. Tents can be ordered in a variety of colors. However, white is by far the most popular color. Skylights can also be built into the fabric, which allow a larger amount of light to be used. Walls can also be ordered with clear vinyl windows in them.
  • Shamiana is a popular Indian tent, which is commonly used for outdoor parties, weddings, restaurants etc. Its side walls are detachable. The external fabric can be multicolored or can hold exquisite designs. The history of Shamiana, dates back to the Mughal era. As for the Government of India under the Finance Act 1997, the definition of Shamiana is given under the clause (77A) of section 65, which is: business function “.
  • “Bail Ring Tents” are usually tents that are 100 to 150 feet (30 to 46 meters) wide and expandable to any length. They can be made from either vinyl or canvas. The purpose of the lease ring is to increase the size of the market. Initially, the center is raised to a point where it is spread out and connected to the lease ring using shackles. Once the outside world is raised, it can be used as a team of people. This style is not as popular as in the past due to the advancement of forklifts and skidsteers. There was a time when even smaller tents 40 to 100 feet (12 to 30 meters) were raised and set using a ring lease.
  • The four major golf tournaments have tents set up. They are usually 40 by 40 feet (12 by 12 meters).
  • Tents or branded are often hired from specialist companies.
  • A ” Rubb Hall ” is widely used as an emergency warehousing.
  • A circus tent has usually had one or more oval or circular arenas surrounded by tiered positions that can accommodate thousands of people. Nowadays such broad tents are made of some artificial fiber (polyester or vinyl) and are often erected with the help of cranes. In earlier times it was common for the circus elephants to be used as a source of power for pulling ropes to haul the canvas into position.
  • Spiegeltent , a Belgian tent made of wood and canvas and decorated with mirrors and stained glass

Influence on building design

Tent design has influenced many large modern buildings. These buildings have in turn influenced the next generation of tent design. Tent-style tensile structures are used to cover large public areas Such As entertainment came , arenas and retail areas (example: The O 2 ) or sports stadiums (example: Munich Olympic Stadium ) and airports (example: Denver International Airport ). The Sami Parliament of Norway is inspired by the lavvu, traditionally used by the Sami people .

See also

  • Hammock camping
  • List of human habitation forms
  • Tent revival

References

  1. Jump up^ “ContuberniumTent” . Legiotricesima.org . Retrieved 2012-11-23 .
  2. Jump up^ “United States Army | About the NSSC” . Natick.army.mil. 2009-10-20 . Retrieved 2012-11-23 .
  3. Jump up^ “The Book” . Protest Camps . Retrieved 2012-11-23 .
  4. Jump up^ “experiments in alternative worlds” . Protest Camps . Retrieved 2012-11-23 .
  5. Jump up^ “SSC Developing Multiple Uses for Air Beam Shelter” . Defense Industry Daily. 2005-05-10 . Retrieved 2007-12-25 .
  6. Jump up^ “Shelter from the CB Storm” . Military Medical Technology. 2004-04-08. Archived from the original on 2007-10-11 . Retrieved 2007-12-25 .
  7. Jump up^ “Air Support: Inflatable Structures Pump Up the Military” . Military.com. 2005-01-01 . Retrieved 2007-12-25 .
  8. Jump up^ “Shelter Half Pup Tent” . olive-drab.com .